What is Sonnet 18? English Literature (Arts)BA English Gurukpo



we are going to discuss a famous sonnet by William Shakespeare we are having a sonnet of William Shakespeare shall I they compare before going to the sonnet first of all let's analyze the solid what is there in the sonnet as that I told you it is a sonnet so obviously first of all we will give lines to it it has fourteen lines second thing to understand this piece of poetry picture William Shakespeare sonnet first thing we got to know is that we have 14 lines in the solid second thing we'll talk about the rhyming scheme of this on it let's go with the first two lines shall I compare thee to a summers day thou art more lovely and more temperate as that we can see from these two lines the last here and this one they have different driving rhymes so here we we can place a rhyming scheme to be identified by a and here by B coming to next two lines rough friends to shake the Darling Buds of May and summers lease hath all too short a date here again the day is rhyming with me so it will be a and temperate is rhyming with date so this will be B for these four lines we have a B AV as the rhyming scheme coming to the next quadrant sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines and often is his gold complexion dimm'd again here we have different rhyme for these two lines so we will place different symbols for these two coming next to line number seven and eight and every fair from fair sometimes declines by chance or nature's changing course untrimmed here the shines is somehow rhyming with decline so we will place the symbol see here and by chance or nature's changing course untrimmed this untrimmed is rhyming with dimmed so it is d so for this quadrant we have CD CD as a rhyming scheme coming to the next portion is but thy eternal summer shall not fade nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st s' that means here again the rhyming scheme has changed let's place alphabet efore this and alphabet F for this going to the next two nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade when in eternal lines to time thou Krauss here we can see the fade is rhyming with shade so if we replace a here and the house is going with browsed so we'll be placing a so for this these four lines we have a rhyming scheme of e f e f the last two as such we have seen by analyzing the rhyming scheme what we have a four for lying horrid then again a four line cordon and last is a two line couplet in this two line couplet we have a rhyming scheme of C and E that means both are different so we can place this alphabetical symbol for this rhyming scheme so this is the rhyming scheme first of all for this sonnet of Shakespeare where he has placed a b a b c d c d e f e f and g g for the couplet in the end okay now this was all about the rhyming scheme talking about the meter over here this point is comprising off i am big pentameter why i am saying i am big because pentameter why because if will break this in syllables it will be divided into five parts i am big means stressed and unstressed shall I compare thee to a summers day so there are certain syllables shell I shell is stressed then I unstressed again compare the compare D that will stress and stress to a some to a some some means this much of portion that means stressed unstressed Mars strain that is stressed and anxious so therefore it is now I am big pentameter that Shakespeare is popular for using it so it was just a general analysis of the whole poem sorry the solid here we had 14 lines we have a rhyming scheme I just explained and we are having an iambic pentameter we are having four quadrant and in the end we have a couplet two line couplet now let's try to find out what the poet is trying to explore in this solid shall I compare thee to a summers day thou art more lovely and more temperate first of all the poet is just trying to put a question it is a rhetorical question the banging shall I compare the summer's day is putting a question should I compare this summer day with with thee thee is something somebody either he is addressing to his beloved or someone else will explore in the coming lines so he's asking shall I compare that specific person with a summer day he's just putting a question it's a rhetorical question that means he is neither accepting in in positive and nor he is declining it and immediately he says though arch more lovely and more temperate and in the second line he is just putting the answer to the immediate question and saying no I cannot compare why because thou art more lovely and more temperate because that D that person's comparison cannot be made with that summer's day that person is more beautiful more lovely more temperate that means the person is going to be there forever his beauty is going to be there for him now coming to the next line he says rough winds do shake the Darling Buds of May now suddenly in the first two lines he was putting a question whether he should compare his beloved with someone with summer's day or not and in the third line he is just focusing on the features of summer love winds to shake the Darling Buds of May now he is telling us that in summers what happens there is a lot of rough wind and that rock when it shakes the doll birds on me that means the birds that are that are supposed to grow in this season they are being shaken by the rough winds of summer so in his sense somewhere is not that nice or that good which has to be there forever and summers lease hath all too short a date now in this line what the poet is trying to mention is that summers leaves the world leaves as that we often don't on use leaf is used for a word just have an example with if I am buying something and I am buying by taking some loan or I'm buying it with the help of some bank money so I will be getting that thing on leads that is that is temporary with me it will be taken back if I am not going to pay for so here he is comparing summer situation it is only that it is there for certain duration of time and it is added it is again very short and the moment the season is going to change the summer is going to fade out so he's saying that rough winds are shaking the birds of May and the summer whose features he is mentioning it is a temporary affair it's not going to be there forever then sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines and often is his gold complexion dimm'd now in these lines was the what point is trying to say sometimes too hot the eye of heaven now here the eye of heaven is for Sun because sun is shining too bright in summers so he's mentioning that sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines on and often is his gold complexion dimm'd and when there is a pleasant weather in summers due to the clouds the the shine of sun it is reduced but when there is a clear sky eseni a sunny weather then there won't be any a kind of a thing in which the sun's shine is lowered so he's putting in emphasis that during summers there is a lot of sun shining there is a lot of heat due to sun and often is complexion dimm'd that gold complexion of sun is dim by the clouds and every fair from fair sometimes declines now what is trying to say because of that shining Sun anything that is very fair can get that they get darkness in his fairness because of that shine that heat of Sun that fair thing can fade out so anything on this earth which is all the very fair it's going to decline it's going to lose its fairness due to the more shine of Sun by chance or nature's changing course untrimmed now he's saying either by chance or by nature's changing course untrimm'd untrimmed there are two meanings first of all untrimmed is for that thing which cannot be changed the beauty of that specific thing is not going to be a deterrent and second reference is unclean for a ship whose figure which is sailing across river it's it sure is very near and how it's going to be trimmed now here he say every fair and fair sometimes declines by chance or nature's changing course untrimmed so by these lines the point is trying to emphasize on the fact that nothing on this earth is going to stay forever everything has to be ended either now or later but there is an end for everything so he's just trying to make it clear with these lines but thy eternal summer shall not fade now there is a contradiction here the poet was mentioning in the fourth line that the summers lease had too short a date but here in this line what boy boy it is trying to put here that the summer is eternal so there is a contradiction between the two lines the line number four and the line number nine now what kind of a contradiction here the summer is very short now here he is saying someone is eternal so the basic meaning is that shop summer is very short for a specific year or a specific season but it is a universal truth every year summer is there every year there is a cycle of changing seasons so we cannot say summer is going to end forever it's going to come back it is going to reiterate back after a complete cycle after completing the cycle of seasons so in that way he is saying but thy eternal summer shall not fade that eternal sour that means every other year there is a summer not lose possession of that fair thou ow'st now he's saying that someone is not going to end and the possession of that fair the outer that heavens eye that is Sun it's its shine it's still going to be there nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade now here what he's mentioning he is telling that there is another reality that is death brag thou wander'st in his shade initiate means somehow trying to give a metaphor for the death that that death is the kind of a shade which somehow covers the shine of life so he is putting an emphasis that the eternity for something can cancel or spoil or can fade a physical entity but it cannot fade a thing which is in soul which is in spirit when in eternal lines to time thou grow'st so long as men can breathe or eyes can see so long lives this and this gives life the now this couplet line number 13 and 14 the couplet it is changing everything here here it is talking about in the beginning asking a rhetorical question comparing the beauty or personality of his beloved with some summer and then suddenly he personifies the features of summers and in the couplet he's telling that so long as men can breathe or eyes can see so long live this this gives lively now here this and this stands for these lines these creation gives creativity of the poet as such I mentioned before also that man is going to end a day everything on this on this earth in this nature has to be an end and there is a rule by nature that everything comes to an end so what is the motivation for a person to be creative what will be there for a person when the person is not physically there the person can exist with some creativity with some art with some poetry with some creation and that person can be recaps elated reminded again and again to other people even though physically that person is not alive so here the intention of the poet Shakespeare is trying to persuade his beloved actually it is just a sonnet and this part just is a kind of a motivation for his beloved so that they can under he he can understand why he is trying to make himself remarkable through his lines of poetry he is not interesting to his beloved actually he is addressing to his dear friend with whom he is now is in love with Shakespeare so here Shakespeare is addressing to his friend he is telling him that your beauty your your all good things will come to an end when you are physically not daring on this earth you'll die everything will die your beauty your empire everything will die everything will fade out but my poetry my poetry will help you to exist even after you are not alive so he is persuading him that my poetry is more powerful than any other thing which can make you more beautiful so that's all about Shakespeare's this sonnet 18 hope the concept has been clear to you thank

35 thoughts on “What is Sonnet 18? English Literature (Arts)BA English Gurukpo

  1. Madam, you have explained the poem beautifully, but towards the end it seems that you have hurriedly reached the end.
    I find no contradiction in line 9 because here the poet is talking about his beloved summer (beauty) that is eternal.
    'thy eternal summer '….
    Overall it was marvelously explained.

  2. I agree with the comment below. Iambic means an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. Her explanation is wrong. She says stressed and unstressed for each meter. Please withdraw this video from the YouTube.

  3. How can you be so careless with your presentation… lots of things mentioned by you are wrong.. students are going to watch it for their exam purpose…. it's like cheating them…. Please stop it…and prepare well before uploading it… making fool of yourself…

  4. I am not a scholar and I have not a university degree but as far as I know iambic metre consists of unstressed followed by stressed syllables.

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  6. Thankyou Madam ji. You are better than My University Teacher who took 8 days to explain the same poem.

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