TED Talks Education



welcome to TED Talks education I'm John Legend you're about to hear from some of the leading figures in education today Bill Gates Geoffrey Canada Sir Ken Robinson and many more get ready for some ideas worth sharing TED Talks education ladies and gentlemen John Legend good evening everyone I'm John Legend and I am thrilled to be hosting Ted's first television show now for those of you who don't know Ted this Ted is not a man not a movie it's a nonprofit organization dedicated to sharing ideas worth spreading and that's what we want to do tonight we're here to address a crucially important issue the high school dropout crisis the facts are alarming one in every five kids drops out of school before they graduate and in some parts of the country it's much worse that's almost 1 million kids every year tonight we're not going to play the blame game Oh point fingers we're going to hear some of the finest minds in education all dedicated to reimagining a better future where all kids graduate high school and every kid has a chance to live a successful life now my first guest has been a dedicated teacher for over 30 years she's taught every grade level and is the author of thinking on your feet 10 lessons on being a master teacher joining us from Houston Texas please give a warm Ted welcome to Rita Pearson I have spent my entire life either at the schoolhouse on the way to the schoolhouse or talking about what happens in the schoolhouse both my parents were educators my maternal grandparents were educators and so needless to say over those years I've had a chance to look at education reform from a lot of perspectives some of those reforms have been good some of them have been not so good and we know why kids drop out we know why kids don't learn it's either poverty low attendance negative peer influences we know why but one of the things that we rarely discuss is the value and importance of human connection relationships James comer says that no significant learning can occur without a significant relationship everyone in this room has been affected by a teacher or an adult for years I have watched people teach I have looked at the best and I've looked at some of the worst a colleague said to me one time they don't pay me to like the kids they pay me to teach a lesson the kid should learn it case closed well I said to her you know kids don't learn from people they don't like she said that's just a bunch of hooey and I said to her well your year is going to be long and arduous dear some people think that you can either have it in you to build a relationship or you don't I think Stephen Covey had the right idea he said you oughta just throw in a few simple things simple things like apologizing you ever thought about that tell a kid you're sorry they're in shock I taught a lesson once on ratios I'm not real good with math but I was working on it and I got back and looked at that teacher edition I taught the whole lesson wrong so I came back to class the next day and I said look guys I need to apologize I taught the whole lesson wrong I'm so sorry I said that's okay miss Pearson you were so excited we just let you go I have had classes that were so low so academically deficient that I cried I wondered how am I going to take this group in 9 months from where they are to where they need to be how do I raise the self-esteem of a child in his academic achievement at the same time one year I came up with a bright idea I told all my students you were chosen to be in my class because I am the best teacher and you are the best students they put us all together so we could show everybody else how to do it one of the students say really and I gave him a saying to say I am somebody I was somebody when I came I'll be a better somebody when I leave I am powerful and I am strong I deserve the education that I get here I have things to do people to impress and places to go and I said yeah you say it long enough it starts to be a part of you would you agree and so I gave a quiz 20 questions student missed 18 I put a plus two on this paper and a big smiley face he said Miss Pearson is this an F I said yes he said then what you put a smiley face I said cuz you on the roll you got to write you didn't miss them all I said and when we review this won't you do better he said yes ma'am I can do better you see minus 18 sucks all the life out of you plus two said ain't all bad can we stand to have more relationships absolutely will you like all your children of course not and you know your toughest kids or never absent never and the tough ones show up for a reason it's the connection it's the relationships and we come to work when we don't feel like it and we listening to policy that doesn't make sense and we teach anyway teaching and learning should bring joy how powerful would our world be if we had kids who who were not afraid to take risk who were not afraid to think and who had a champion every child deserves the champion an adult who will never give up on them who understands the power of connection and in fists that they become the best that they can possibly be is this job tough you betcha but it is not impossible we can do this we're educators we're born to make a difference thank you so much and now a teacher who has figured out some very cool ways to keep his students engaged in learning joining us from Sacred Heart Cathedral High School in San Francisco let's give it up for dr. Ramsey Musallam I teach chemistry so alright so more than just explosions chemistry is everywhere recently I showed this to my students and I just asked them to try and explain why it happened the questions and conversations that followed were fascinating you know check out this video that Maddie from my period three class sent me that evening haha obviously as Maddie's chemistry teacher I loved that she went home and continued to geek out about this kind of ridiculous demonstration that we did in class but what fascinated me more is that Maddie's curiosity took her to a new level you know questions and curiosity like Maddie's are magnets that draw us towards our teachers and they transcend all technology or buzzwords and education but if we place these technologies before student inquiry we can be robbing ourselves of our greatest tool as teachers our students questions for example flipping a boring lecture from the classroom to the screen of a mobile device might save instructional time but if it is the focus of our students experience it's the same dehumanizing chatter just wrapped up in fancy clothing but if instead we have the guts to confuse our students perplex them and evoke real questions through those questions we as teachers have information that we can use to tailor robust and informed methods of blended instruction so these are my daughters on the right you have little Emmylou and on the left Riley now Riley's gonna be a big girl in a couple weeks here she's gonna be four years old and anyone who knows a four year old knows that they love to ask why yeah why I could teach this kid anything because she is curious about everything we all were at that age but the challenge is really for Riley's Future teacher's the ones she has yet to meet how will they grow this curiosity you see I would argue that Riley is a metaphor for all kids and I think dropping out of school comes in many different forms to the senior who's checked out before the years even begun or that empty desk in the back of an urban Middle School's classroom but if we as educators leave behind the simple role as disseminators of content and embrace a new paradigm as cultivators of curiosity and inquiry we just might bring a little bit more meaning to their school day and spark their imagination thank you very much I'm 16 years old and my name is Shirou skaia me my father came from Iran and my mother came from China I speak some Chinese I understand some Farsi and recently I've started to study Spanish I attend one of the most competitive schools in the city if not the country the educational system is validly criticised as being broken and dysfunctional the primary goal should be like the Internet as a great leveler it ought to be able to provide everybody in America with opportunity but an administrative culture that focuses on standardized testing does us no good at all because there is a difference between knowledge and understanding my jazz piano teacher has really shown me new ways of thinking about learning jazz really required me to use a different set of skills than I'd been using for classical piano because I had to infuse music with my own touches it's one thing to regurgitate a fancy maneuver you've learned but it's another thing to be able to improvise a harmonically stable piece by yourself and if you truly understand something it's far more important to you it's more likely to be retained it's far more likely to have some sort of meaning to you what does it take to succeed in school intelligence social skills good test-taking there may be something else we've all been missing from the University of Pennsylvania my alma mater please welcome psychologist dr. Angela Lee Duckworth when I was 27 years old I left a very demanding job in management consulting for a job that was even more demanding teaching I went to teach seventh graders math in the New York City Public Schools and like any teacher I made quizzes and tests I gave out homework assignments when the work came back I calculated grades what struck me was that IQ was not the only difference between my best and my worst students some of my strongest performers did not have stratospheric IQ scores some of my smartest kids weren't doing so well and that got me thinking kinds of things you need to learn in seventh grade math sure they're hard ratios decimals the area of a parallelogram but these concepts are not impossible and I was firmly convinced that every one of my students could learn the material if they worked hard and long enough after several more years of teaching I came to the conclusion that what we need in education is a much better understanding of students and learning from a motivational perspective from a psychological perspective in education the one thing we know how to measure best is IQ but what if doing well in school and in life depends on much more than your ability to learn quickly and easily so I left the classroom and I went to graduate school to become a psychologist I started studying kids and adults in all kinds of super challenging settings and in every study my question was who is successful here and why my research team and I went to West Point Military Academy we tried to predict which cadets would stay in military training and which would drop out we went to the National Spelling Bee and tried to predict which children would advance farthest in competition we studied rookie teachers work in really tough neighborhoods asking which teachers are still going to be here in teaching by the end of the school year and of those who will be the most effective at improving learning outcomes for their students in all those very different contexts one characteristic emerged as a significant predictor of success and it wasn't social intelligence it wasn't good looks physical health and it wasn't IQ it was grit grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals grit is having stamina Brent is sticking with your future day-in day-out not just for the week not just for the month but for years grit is living life like it's a marathon not a sprint a few years ago I started studying grit in the Chicago Public Schools I asked thousands of high school juniors to take grit questionnaires and then weed it around more than a year to see who would graduate turns out that grittier kids were significantly more likely to graduate even when I match them on every characteristic I could measure things like family income standardized achievement test scores even how safe kids felt when they were at school so it's not just at West Point or the National Spelling Bee that grip matters it's also in school especially for kids at risk for dropping out to me the most shocking thing about grit is how little we know how little science knows about building it every day parents and teachers ask me how do I build grit in kids what do I do to teach kids a solid work ethic how do I keep them motivated for the long run the honest answer is I don't know what I do know is that talent doesn't make you pretty our data show very clearly that there are many talented individuals who simply do not follow through on their commitments in fact in our data grit is usually unrelated or even infor related to measures of talent and that's where I'm gonna end my remarks because that's where we are that's the work that stands before us we need to take our best ideas are strongest intuitions and we need to test them we need to measure whether we've been successful and we have to be willing to fail to be wrong to start over again with lessons learned in other words we need to be gritty about getting our kids grittier thank you my name is Melissa Perez I was born and raised in the Bronx in New York City but my parents are Mexican two years ago graduating high school is not even in my plans I was doing horribly in school going to a school that has metal detectors is stressful you have to stand in line 25 minutes to an hour I would only go in third period and come out fourth I went third period because I knew they didn't take attendance first and second so basically if you will go into a period they will mark your present for the whole day I just wasn't interested in school then when I was 17 I gave birth to my daughter Madeleine getting pregnant changed my approach tremendously I thought I'm pregnant I don't have a diploma so what am I gonna be working the rest of my life 725 an hour no I have to graduate go to college being a mom still going to high school in some overwhelming obviously at the beginning but I had this math teacher who encouraged me to go on with school she always said that she saw something in me she was like I know there's something inside you they that wants to fight for it she always pushes me she always gives me the hard questions because she knows that my favorite subject is math she's always like Melissa figure this out melissa figure that out and I'm like okay okay I like that about her because she always tends to push me donna is the first teacher that has treated me you know I got special after I had my baby I got my head to the game and I passed my classes being a mom at a young age either makes you it breaks you but in my case and made me and maybe have a total different visual for my future I am the first person in my family to graduate from high school the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has spent billions of dollars working to solve some of the world's biggest problems here at home their chosen focus is education he describes himself as an impatient optimist so let's not waste any time please welcome Bill Gates everyone needs a coach it doesn't matter whether you're a basketball player or a bridge player my bridge coach Sharon osburgh says her more pictures of the back of her head than anyone else is in the world sorry Sharon there you go we all need people who will give us feedback that's how we improve unfortunately there's one group of people who get almost no systemic feedback to help them do their jobs better and these people have one of the most important jobs in the world I'm talking about teachers until recently over 98% of teachers just got one word of feedback satisfactory today districts are revamping the way they evaluate teachers but we still give them almost no feedback that actually helps them improve their practice our teachers deserve better the system we have today isn't fair to them it's not fair to students and it's putting America's global leadership at risk so today I want to talk about how we can help all teachers get the tools for improvement they want and deserve let's start by asking who's doing well well unfortunately there's no international ranking tables for teacher feedback systems so I looked at the countries whose students perform well academically and looked at what they're doing to help their teachers improve consider the rankings for reading proficiency we're tied for 15th with Iceland and Poland out of all the places that do better than the u.s. in reading how many of them have a formal system for helping teachers improve 11 out of 14 the u.s. is tied for 15th and reading but we're 23rd in science and 31st and math so there's really only one area where we're near the top and that's in failing to give our teachers to help they need to develop their skills let's look at the best academic performer the province of Shanghai China now they ranked number one across the board in reading math and science and one of the keys to Shanghai's incredible success is the way they help teachers keep improving they have weekly study groups where teachers get together and talk about what's working they even require each teacher to observe and give feedback to their colleagues you might ask why is the system like this so important it's because there's so much variation in the teaching profession some teachers are far more effective than others in fact there are teachers throughout the country or helping their students make extraordinary gains if today's average teacher could become as good as those teachers our students would be blowing away the rest of the world so we need a system that helps all our teachers be as good as the best what would that system look like well to find out our foundation has been working with 3,000 teachers in districts across the country on a project called met measures of effective teaching we had observers watch videos of teachers in the classroom and rate how they did on a range of practices for example did they ask their students challenging questions did they find multiple ways to explain an idea we also had students fill out surveys with questions like does your teacher know when the class understands a lesson do you learn to correct your mistakes and what we found is very exciting first the teachers who did well on these observations had far better student outcomes so it tells us we're asking the right questions and second teachers in the program told us that these videos and these survey is from the students were very helpful diagnostic tools because they pointed to specific places where they can improve diagnosing areas where a teacher needs to improve is only half the battle we also have to give them the tools they need to act on the diagnosis some teachers aren't immediately comfortable with the idea of a camera in the classroom that's understandable but our experience have met suggest that if teachers manage the process if they collect video in their own classrooms and they pick the lessons they want to submit a lot of them will be eager to participate building the system will also require a considerable investment our foundation estimates that it could cost up to five billion dollars now that's a big number but to put it in perspective it's less than 2 percent of what we spend every year on teacher salaries the impact for teachers would be phenomenal but this system would have an even more important benefit for our country I would put us on a path to making sure all our students get a great education find a career that's fulfilling and rewarding and have a chance to live out their dreams this wouldn't just make us a more successful country it would also make us a more fair and just one – I'm excited about the opportunity to give all our teachers the support they want and deserve I hope you are – thank you we've got a Latin flame let them speak that name let them reach up to the clouds they can heat if we don't feed them the K read if we don't teach them there's no light if we just hide them don't just let him die let him shine let him shine on I was inspired to write that song by my next guest for the last 30 years my next guest has kept a promise a promise he's made to thousands of parents and kids and not only will they graduate high school he will personally stick with them all the way through graduating college please welcome the founder of the Harlem Children's Zone my friend dr. Geoffrey Canada until you information thank you thank you thank you wow wow wow wow who John Legend I I've been introduced before but that is sort of the highlight of my life right can I tell you that so I'm a little nervous because my wife Yvonne said to me she said Jeffrey you watched the TED Talks I said yes honey I love TED talks she say you know they're like really smart talented as I know I know she said they don't want like the angry black man so I said no one would be good honey I'm gonna be good I am but I am angry and the last time I looked this is what why I'm excited but I'm angry this year they're going to be millions of our children that we're going to needlessly lose the taste that we could right now we could save them all you saw the quality of the educators who were here do not tell me they could not reach those kids and save them I know they could it is absolutely possible those of us in education have held on to a business plan that we don't care how many millions of young people fail we're gonna continue to do the same thing that didn't work and nobody is getting crazy about it enough to say enough is enough so here's a business plan that simply does not make any sense you know I grew up in the inner city and there were kids who were failing in schools 56 years ago when I first went to school and those schools are still lousy today 56 years later and you know something about a lousy school it's not like a bottle of wine right where you say like 87 was like a good year right that's not how this thing I mean every single year and so if I walk into those failing schools 56 years later what's changed nothing it's still the same approach one size fits all if you get it behind and if you don't tough luck just tough luck why haven't we allow innovation to happen do not tell me we can't do better than this look why is it that when we had rotary phones when we were having folks being crippled by polio that we were teaching the same way then that we're doing right now and if you come up with a plan to change things people consider you radical they will say the worst things about you I said one day we'll look if the sign says this is science not me that our poorest children lose ground in the summertime right you see where they are in June's located here you look at him in September they've going down say whoo so I heard about that in 275 when I was at the edge school at Harvard it was as always an important study because it suggests we should do something you know how long ago 1975 was what have we done we've done nothing the science is clear some things we absolutely know works but it makes people uncomfortable and I'm gonna people who get upset with me because everywhere I go I offend almost everybody so I'm not done with you all if I'm sure before this is over you're gonna be mad too we get we can't stifle innovation in our business we have to innovate and here's the rub some of its not gonna work you know people tell me Aerostar to school a lot of them don't work a lot of them don't they should be closed I'm having to believe they should be closed but we can't confuse figuring out the science and things not working with we shouldn't therefore do anything America cannot wait another 50 years to get this right we have run out of time I don't know about a fiscal cliff but I know there's an educational cliff that we are walking over right this very second and if we allow folks to continue this foolishness about saying we can't afford this so Bill Gates is gonna cost five billion dollars what is five billion dollars to the United States when the safety of America is threatened we will spend any amount of money the real safety of our nation is preparing its next generation so that they can take our place and be the leaders of the world when it comes to thinking and technology and democracy and all that stuff we care about I dare say it's a pittance what it would require for us to really begin to solve some of these problems so once we do that I'll no longer be angry so you guys right help me get you thank you all very much so so what is the high school dropout rate at Harlem Children's Zone well you know John 100 percent of our kids graduate high school last year in my school 100% of them went to college this year seniors will have 100 sent graduating high school last I heard we had 93% accepted to college we better get that other 7% oh that's just hot Easter at 7:45 a.m. I open the doors to a building dedicated to building yet only breaks me down a march down hallways cleaned up after me every day by regular janitors but I never had the decency to honor their names lockers left open like teenage boys mouths when teenage girls wear clothes that covers the insecurities but exposes everything else masculinity mimics by men who grew up with no fathers camouflage worn by bullies who are dangerously armed but need hugs teachers pay less than what it cost them to be here oceans of adolescents come here to receive lessons but never learn to swim part like the Red Sea when the bell rings this is a training ground my high school is Chicago diverse and segregated on purpose social lines are barbed wire labels like regulars and honors resonate I am an honors but go home with regular students who our soldiers in territory that owns them this is a training ground but one group is taught to lead and the other is made to follow no wonder so many of my people spit bars because the truth is hard to swallow the need for degrees has left so many people frozen I hear education systems are failing but I believe they're succeeding at what that built to do to train you to keep you on track to track down an American dream that has failed so many of us Oh that was the winner of the Louder Than a Bomb poetry festival his name is Malcolm London at 19 yes at 19 Malcolm not that long out of high school is already teaching young writers at a program in Chicago please give it up one more time for nothing now my next guest understands the challenges that happen outside of the classroom that make it difficult to concentrate in the classroom please welcome an amazing teacher from the Los Angeles Unified School District pearl Arredondo so I grew up in East Los Angeles not even realizing I was four my dad was a high-ranking gang member who ran the streets I remember one day I found my dad convulsing foaming at the mouth Oh ding on the bathroom floor really do you think that doing my homework that night was at the top of my priority list not so much but I really needed a support network a group of people who were going to help me make sure that I wasn't going to be a victim of my own circumstance I needed teachers in the classroom every day who were going to say you can move beyond that and unfortunately the local junior high was not going to offer that it was gang infested huge teacher turnover rate so my mom said you're going on a bus an hour and a half away from where we live some teachers completely wrote me off as a lost cause but then they were very surprised when I graduated from high school I was accepted to Pepperdine University and I came back to the same school that I attended to be a special ed assistant and then I told them I want to be a teacher so I began my teaching career at the exact same middle school that I attended and I really wanted to try to save more kids who were just like me and so every year I share my background with my kids because they need to know that everyone has a story everyone has a struggle and everyone needs help along the way I had a kid one day come into my class having been stabbed the night before I was like you need to go to a hospital the school nurse something he's like no miss I'm not going I need to be in class because I need to graduate so he knew that I was not going to let him be a victim of his circumstance and this idea of creating a safe haven for our kids I wanted that so we created a new of school we created the San Fernando Institute for applied media ssim and we made sure that we were still attached to our school district for funding for support but with that we were going to gain freedom freedom to hire the teachers that we knew we're going to be effective freedom to control the curriculum so that we're not doing lesson 1.2 on page fat no we wanted those freedoms and as the very first pilot Middle School in all of Los Angeles Unified School District you better believe there was some opposition and it was out of fear fear of well what if they get it wrong yeah what if we get it wrong but what if we get it right and we did our state test scores have gone up more than 80 points since we've become our own school but it's taken all stakeholders working together teachers and principals on one-year contracts working over and above beyond their contract hours without compensation why should our students have to go so far away from where they live they deserve a quality school in their neighborhood a school that they can be proud to say they attend and a school that the community can be proud of as well and they need teachers to fight for them every day and empower them to move beyond their circumstances because it's time that kids like me stop being the exception and we become the norm thank you the you at the side eyes don't be discouraged oh I realize it's hard to take courage in a world full of people you can lose sight of it all and the darkness inside you can make you feel so small but I see your true colors shining through I see your true colors and that's why I love you so don't be afraid to let them show true colors true colors bootiful like rainbow show me smile then don't be unhappy can't remember where I last saw you laughing if this world makes you crazy and you've taken all you can bear you can call me up cuz you know I'll be there and I'll see your true colors shine and to see your true colors and that's why I love you so don't be afraid to let them show – comes true colors a beautiful so don't be afraid let them show true colors true colors true colors a beautiful like a rainbow now note ed gathering on education could end without the wisdom of one man he is the most viewed speaker on ted.com and he was named one of the world's elite thinkers on creativity and innovation by Fast Company magazine and in England he's been knighted by the Queen so it is an honor to introduce educator and author Sir Ken Robinson thank you very much it's been a fantastic program hasn't it I think what that this evening has been about is a different paradigm you see most of our current measures here in the States by the way when I say we I live here I haven't just popped over here you ever have a shot at you I moved to America twelve years ago with my wife Teri and our two kids actually truthfully we moved to Los Angeles thinking we're moving to America but then it's a it's it's a short plane ride from Los Angeles to America and I've come across fantastic schools great teachers great supervisors and we've seen some examples here there is wonderful work happening in this country but I have to say it's happening in spite of the dominant culture of education not because of it I was at a meeting recently in Los Angeles of there called alternative education programs these are programs is an to get kids back into education they have certain common features they're very personalized they have strong support for the teachers close links with the community and a broad and diverse curriculum and often programs which involve students outside school as well as inside school and they work what's interesting to me is these are called alternative education you know and all the evidence from around the world is if we all did that there'd be no need for the alternative there are three principles on which human life flourishes and they are contradicted by the culture of Education under which most teachers have to labor and most students have to endure the first is this that human beings are naturally different and diverse education under No Child Left Behind is based on not diversity but conformity what schools are encouraged to do is to find out what kids can do across a very narrow spectrum of achievement one of the effects of No Child Left Behind has been to narrow the curriculum to those areas that are tested what we've heard here through a whole series of presentations is that kids prosper best with a broad and diverse curriculum the second principle that drives human life and flourishing is curiosity and we've heard it repeatedly through this program if you can light the spark of curiosity in a child they will learn without any further assistance very often children are natural learners teaching properly conceived is not a delivery system you know you're not there just to pass on received information great teachers do that but what great teachers also do is mentor stimulate provoke engage you see in the end education is about learning if there's no learning going on there's no education going on and people can spend an awful lot of time discussing education without ever discussing learning the whole point of Education is to get people to learn um a friend of mine old friend actually very old he's dead that's a that as old as it gets I'm afraid so but a wonderful guy he was wonderful philosopher he used to talk about the difference between the task and achievement census of verbs you know you can be engaged in the activity of something but not really be achieving it it's like dieting it's a very good example you know there he is he's dieting is he losing any weight not ready teaching is a word like that you can say there's Deborah she's she's in room 34 she's teaching but if nobody's learning anything she may be engaged in the task of teaching but not actually fulfilling it the role of a teacher is to facilitate learning that's it and part of the problem is I think that the culture of the dominant culture of Education has come to focus on not teaching and learning but testing now testing is important standardized tests have a place but they should not be the dominant culture of Education they should be diagnostic they should help if I go for a medical examination I want some standardized tests I do you know I want to know what my cholesterol level is compared to everybody else's on a standard scale I don't to be told on some scale my doctor invented in the car it huh your caleche what I call level Orange really is that good we don't know but all that should support learning it shouldn't obstruct it and the third principle is that human life is inherently creative it's the common currency of being a human being it's why human culture is so interesting and diverse and dynamic and you may have a dog and your dog may get depressed you know but it doesn't listen to Radiohead is it then salmon sit staring out the window with a bottle of Jack Daniels we all create our own lives through this Restless process of imagining alternatives and possibilities and what one of the roles of Education is to awaken and develop these powers of creativity instead what we have is a culture of standardization now it doesn't have to be that way it really doesn't not far from where I live is a place called Death Valley in the winter of 2004 it rained in Death Valley seven inches of rain fell over a very short period and in the spring of 2005 there was a phenomenon the whole floor of Death Valley was carpeted in flowers the whole place had turned into a meadow a pasture for a while what it proved is is that Death Valley isn't dead it's dormant right beneath the surface are these seeds of possibility waiting for the right conditions to come about and you've seen it in all the examples we've heard from this evening you take an area a school a district you change the conditions give people a different sense of possibility a different set of expectations a broader range of opportunities you cherish and value the relationships between teachers and learners you offer people the discretion to be creative and to innovate in what they do and schools that were wanted bereft spring to life the real role of leadership in education and I think it's true at the national level the state level at the school level is not and should not be come and control the real role of leadership is climate control creating a climate of possibility and if you do that people will rise to it and achieve things that you completely did not anticipate and couldn't have expected there's a wonderful quote from Benjamin Franklin who said there are three sorts of people in the world those who are movable we meet them all day people who don't get it they don't want to get it they're not no telling about it there are people who are movable people who see the need for change and a prepared to listen to it and there are people who move people who make things happen and what we've seen here this evening I think are wonderful examples of people who are moving and there are many people throughout the country also moving and if we can encourage more people that will be a movement and if the movement is strong enough that's in the best sense of the word a revolution and that's what we need thank you very much I want to thank all of you for being here and starting this conversation with us let's make it a beginning not an end thank you very much and have a great night you you to learn more about this program visit pbs.org slash TED talks edie to watch many more inspiring talks on education and other topics visit ted calm you

38 thoughts on “TED Talks Education

  1. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCARwuMxrx1tphqaW8B5vbVA/videos?fbclid=IwAR2ZPpY8O2fbfuHsJQGlWpP8p5oFD214UrIetxqy4UaSq_WSqOcSCIVnmgQ

  2. This is really true " no significant learning takes place without significant relationship" . I knew how my kids loved their teachers particularly in their primary school .

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  4. Schools needed updated subject material. "Happy are those who spend their days in gaining knowledge, in discovering the secrets of nature, and in penetrating the subtleties of pure truth! " ~ Baha'i Writings

  5. May we add life skills to our standard educational systems? Students with some sort of disability gets to learn life skills, yet the other students don’t receive life skills as part of their curriculum. Can we have Home Economics class add more useful things that can be used in the real world? May we add character education as a subject in our educational system and actually get graded for it? Can we promote creativity and humanity? Please no haters. It’s just a suggestion that’s out of the box.

  6. I hate to say it but this video mostly consists of people patting themselves on the back. It is motivational to hear their stories but it lacks solutions to improve the overall system.

  7. We now know that Blacks in America have an average IQ of 85.

    Percentages below are from a cumulative percentages graph for readability:

    Blacks:
    5% above 110 IQ
    16% above 100 IQ
    40% above 90 IQ
    70% above 80 IQ
    40% below 80 IQ
    18% below 75 IQ
    10% below 70 IQ

    Whites:
    10% above 120 IQ
    18% above 115 IQ
    27% above 110 IQ
    40% above 105 IQ
    50% above 100 IQ
    60% below 105 IQ
    35% below 95 IQ
    15% below 85 IQ

    So, the smartest 16% of Blacks are as intelligent as smartest 50% of Whites.

    80% of Blacks score at or below the “low functioning” category.

    The least intelligent ten percent of Whites have IQs below 80; forty percent of Blacks have IQs that low.

    Only one Black in six is more intelligent than the average White; five Whites out of six are more intelligent than the average Black.

    These differences show in every test of general cognitive ability that anyone, of any race or nationality, has yet been able to devise. And they are reflected in countless everyday situations, “Life is an IQ test.”

    Further, only one-in-3.5 million (.00003%) African Blacks have an IQ of 140 or higher (genius level). But one-in-83 (1.2%) U.S. Whites is a genius. Therefore the per capita genius rate for U.S.-resident Whites is 41,000 times higher than it is for African Blacks.

    As the New York Times put it, “…the difference in I.Q. points between the groups is quite significant. It means that the top sixth of Blacks score only as well on I.Q. tests as do the top half of Whites.”

  8. What makes the difference between knowledge and understanding is intelligence.

    We need standardized testing ti ensure that all students are being held to the same standards.

    An "A" on the east coast should be equivalent to an "A" on the west coast and everywhere in between.

  9. You are confusing the outcome of the achievement gap with the cause of the achievement gap.

    Poverty does not cause low academic achievement. 

    Low academic achievement causes poverty.

    Low IQ is one reason for poor academic achievement.

    An IQ of 80 is thought to be the minimum score required to grasp the curriculum well enough to graduate high school.

    The average IQ of a high school graduate is 99.

    The average IQ of blacks is 85.

    Only 40% of blacks have an IQ above 90.

    Only 52% of blacks nation wide graduate high school in four years.

    We know that blacks are passed through the educational system despite their not meeting academic standards for graduation so the actual graduation percentage should be much lower than 52%.

    It has been found that the average black college freshmen is four years behind their white college classmates.

  10. how can kids engage in learning when they outnumber the teachers 30:1 who comes up with these ridiculous ratios? yet it seems pretty universal.

  11. 23:50  Mr. Gates makes country comparisons of student performance, then indulges in a bit of "bait-and-switch" in comparing Shanghai, China, with the U.S. average. By all means, every "average" U.S. local school system should want to attain the level of excellence of Shanghai schools, but, why doesn't Mr. Gates rather compare the best the U.S. has to offer (the Boston school system?) with Shanghai?Also, I'd like to hear his views on the culturally-related comparative levels of (anti-) intellectualism in the U.S. and China.  Does he approve of the terms "bookish" and "nerd" as descriptors of those (so described by anti-intellectual Philistines) who revel in intellectual pursuits?

  12. "Technology, Entertainment, Design". . .Why not "Technology, EDUCATION, Design"?In the U.S., entertainment takes precedence over education in the mass pop culture.  Re:  "Anti-Intellectualism in American Life" (Richard Hofstadter), "The Age of American Unreason" (Susan Jacoby), "Entertaining Ourselves to Death" (Neil Postman).

  13. John Kenneth Galbraith, a left domain economist, actually said the following: "When it comes to deciding on issues that concern themselves personally, teachers are amongst the most conservative groups you will find." By "conservative" Galbraith was not implying a complement. I think he may have been referring to the disruptions at San Francisco State College campus in the late 60s .

  14. I have to have 10 evaluations in 9 months and discuss each with my Principal. I am observed more than any other profession. How is that not enough feed back?

  15. Look to Finland, and what changes they did 30+ yrs ago, and where it got them today 😉 <3 And not the least, how fast they saw improvements……

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