Realism in literature. Defining Realism, it
is an accurate way of portraying life, whether it be in a literary or artistic manner. The
purpose was to represent everyday life as it truly was, without the misconception of
fairy tale. Realism was first introduced in the late 1800’s. but really became popular
in the 19th century as a steer away from romanticism, specifically after World War I. Realism expressed
different perspectives of the war, often referring to social class and represented the American
lifestyle. It was a realistic writing. Realism addressed as a whole, mostly middle and lower
class lifestyles. Realism is culture over nature and a representation of society and
it’s norms, religiously and politically, in involving real life situations and government.
It also expressed the psychological impacts of war and real life situation in other aspects
of life. Naturalism in Realism. Naturalism was a literary movement that was born through
realism. It was utilized to express social issues and lifestyles. Naturalism helped pull
away from ideas involving romanticism and surrealism, paving the way to realistic literature.
A couple of influential authors in realism include, William Dean Howells, an American
realist and Mark Twain, an American author who adopted realism in his work. Howell’s
wrote novels such as “My Year In A Log Cabin” and addressed cultural and social issues in
his writing. He encouraged readers to question the truth and believed that realism was a
democratic movement. Twain’s most famous novel that introduced realism was “The Adventures
Of Tom Sawyer”, which portrayed the American youth. This novel exposed realism to mainstream
literature and appealed to the common people in the lower and middles class.