Poetry Techniques in 30 Minutes



hello and welcome to poetry techniques and 30 minutes of all the ways you can spend 30 minutes of your time on the worldwide web you have chosen to learn poetry techniques thank you for this amazing choice and hope you're looking forward to all the thoughts and feelings that you will soon set free on the wings of poetry so here's the plan by the end of this tutorial you will be able to write a poem and one of the most famous poetic techniques of all time the Shakespearean sonnet now in order to get there we will first seek to understand what is poetry learn different party techniques including rhyme alliteration assonance and extension rhythm then we shall combine these techniques into poetic forms including the Shakespearean sonnet before we dive into poetry techniques what is poetry well according to a dictionary poetry is writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through reading sound and rhythm that is quite a mouthful but let's take a closer look at this definition but it because it does capture many important aspects of poetry when you write poetry you use language and words and the properties of these words such as the meaning that they convey a sound that they make and the rhythm that you can create using these cells in order to affect the emotions of your audience the essence of that definition is brilliantly captured by these two codes poetry is ordinary language raised to the nth power by calling go and a samuel taylor coleridge marvelously puts it poetry the best words in the best order so what's all this about technique then what's a technical about poetry technique is important to just about any art form just think about playing a guitar or painting for example now in poetry you can use technique to make language your trusted ally so did you find the perfect words to emote to entertain and to express yourself as the end goal of this tutorial is the Shakespearean sonnet let's take a look at an example of what we're gunning for and we are about to read one of the original Shakespearean sonnets written by the bard himself and 1609 sonnet number 130 my mistress eyes are nothing like the Sun coral is far more red than her lips red if snow be white why then her breasts are done if hairs be wires black wires grow on her head I have seen roses damask red and white but no such roses see I hand her cheeks and in some perfumes is there more delight than in the breath that from my mistress reeks I love to hear her speak yet well I know that music hath a far more pleasing sound I grant I never saw a goddess go my mistress when she walks treads on the ground and yet by heaven I think my love as rare as any she belied with false compare how's that for a bit of seventeenth-century satire looking at this point you might notice an underlying structure certain patterns that lended a rhythm now to understand these patterns and these structures we'll need to begin with the basics so with the blessings of the bard let's get started the most basic way to give structure to words is to group the words into lines and the lines in two stanzas stands over two lines is a couplet three lines forms to triplet four for a quatrain and five gives you a quintain I want to pause for a quick digression here and read out the couplet on the left true it is nature to advantage dressed what oft was thought but never so well expressed this seriously special piece of writing to me it really speaks about the very nature of art itself what I love about this couplet so much is that it both explains as well as serves as an example for how art forms such as poetry can be used to express everyday ideas in an extraordinary way points derive much of the power from the sounds of spoken words there are several fan Tek properties of language that you can employ the first device that we shall talk about this rhyme rhyme is something that we've all learned about since childhood but let us take a look at some of the nuances the pair of words hunter and temper exhibit ending rhyme hunter ends with der and temper with her now these are not the exact same syllable but they do have a similar ending sound so it's the earth in these two words that makes this pair demonstrate ending rhyme on the other hand timber and harbour end with the exact same syllable timber Harbor therefore we could say that this is an example of last syllable right if the last two syllables of a pair of words have similar sounds such as conviction and prediction then we can refer to it as a double right moving on to the next phonetic technique assonance assonance is a repetition of vowel sounds let's read out this line on a proud round cloud and white high night now proud and round do not rhyme but the vowel sound ow is used repeatedly for the phonetic effect similarly the vowel sound I is used in white I and Knight closely related to resonances alliteration the repetition of consonant sounds in the first syllables of words and phrases while I nodded nearly napping suddenly there came a tapping the repeated use of n over here is what creates the alliterative effect rime assonance and alliteration we have seen how these harness the sound of language to add spice to poetry the sound of language can also be used to create rhythm that could take your verse to the next level we first break words up and their individual sounds in order to get the syllables which is the most basic tool for creating rhythm for example feet has one syllable toaster has two toasts and tur any guesses for how many syllables in the final word some might have guessed three but remember it is pronounced business and not busyness it is in fact a word with two syllables it's a grim reminder of the English languages ridiculous system of spelling you can use syllables to create rhythm by deliberately choosing the number of syllables and each line take a look at the snippet from one of my poems there's nothing quite like the yawn and the late even early morn each line contains eight syllables creating a uniform rhythm you don't always need to use the same number of syllables in each line you could for example alternate between longer and shorter lines another important tool for rhythm are the stress patterns created by pronunciation we apply stress by emphasizing particular syllables using greater loudness higher pitch and longer durations here is a simple method I use to identify the stress baton in any word to demonstrate this method we shall use the word pattern itself as an example first identify the syllables in the word in this case it's Pat and a pattern next slowly speak the word while outrageously emphasizing individual syllables let's try this with the first syllable emphasized pattern pattern as you can see I'm nearly shouting up the first syllable while making the second silver almost silent pattern now let's try it with the emphasis on the second syllable at urn pattern so that should make step three quite easy it's fairly obvious that in pattern the stress is upon the first to the book quite simply because emphasizing it makes the word sound less ridiculous and it should come to you quite easily with some practice in the meanwhile you can refer to dictionaries which generally identify the stress pattern of words now why not pause the video for a few seconds and practice with the three words at the bottom of the screen before we move on if you're comfortable with stress patterns you can start arranging stressed and unstressed syllables into patterns of your choosing this is how you can create what's known as accentual meter now a basic unit of eccentric meter is called a foot and there here are a few famous types of feet starting off with the trockie which is a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable such as and I am is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable account as a good example and anapests which are two and stressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable as in go to hell we look at syllabic and accentual rhythm combining the two creates a fantastic phonetic effect that is used widely in classical English poetry many of you might have heard of I am big pentameter which has quite recently been popularized by Dan Brown's The Da Vinci Code it's a rhythm that combines five ions and in other words ten syllables per line now there are several such combined patents that you can create and oft the wisdom wake suspicion sleeps can you hear the stress baton in this line why don't you pause the video read this line up aloud and see if you can feel the rhythm yourself I hope I know you can see that this line is made up of ten syllables and these ten syllables can be broken up into five pairs and in each pair there's an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable and oft the Wiz the wake suspicion sleeps and as we have seen this combination of unstressed followed by stressed is called an ayah and there are five of them in this line which makes this a line of iambic pentameter now John Milton's epic Paradise Lost has a line after glorious line in iambic pentameter and it's a great time to read if you want to understand how the old masters used accentual and so big rhythm and combination this is a stanza from another famous point why don't you pause the video read the stanza out loud and try and identify the meter that the poet has used like aloof on the fold then a dome that are done we see here that there are two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable in other words an anapest each line consists of twelve syllables comprising four feet of anapests and this tells us that lord byron employed anapestic tetrameter and writing the destruction of sanitary some people say that the anapestic tetrameter is a light-hearted meter that can be used say in comical poems to create a musical lilting effect however in the destruction of sanity riba the usage of anapestic tetrameter evokes the sound of horses galloping on a battlefield the Assyrian came down like a wolf on the fold and his cards were gleaming in purple and gold and the sheen of their spears was like stars on the sea when the Blue Wave Rose nightly on deep Galilee fantastic so you now know how to create lines with syllabic and essential rhythm around your self with the variety of phonetic tools like rhyme and alliteration so what next it's time to put them all together and bring your poetry to life it's time to explore poetic forms poetic forms are like formulas that combine multiple techniques some of the famous ones are sonnets limericks the villanelles from France haikus from Japan and guzzles from India a countless forms that you can use and you are free to concoct your own it's all up to your imagination let's take a look at a few of these forms limericks mostly serve the noble purpose of comic relief with a healthy dose of vulgarity a flea and a fly in a flu when traps are what could they do let us flee set the fly another splice of the flee so they flew through a flaw in the flu I suggest you pause this video and read the other poems and while you do so try and search for the underlying formula behind the Limerick oh and watch out for that fourth poem and behold the Limerick formula it's a single stanza with five lines the rhyme scheme is usually a a b b a what does that mean each letter represents one of the five lines in the Limerick lines for the same letter rhyme eg Prime with each other in this case the first two lines and the last line rhyme with each other while the third and fourth lines rhyme with each other as well also limericks are mostly written using in anapestic accent Romita of course the limericks should rarely follow these two the letter and these rules are treated more like guidelines this beauty is the villanelle an intricate form that originates from French poetry please pause the video and read out this famous piece from elizabeth bishop called one art if you're finished reading the poem I now beg your permission to indulge in reading it myself the art of losing isn't hard to master so many things seem filled with the intent to be lost that their loss is no disaster lose something every day except a fluster of lost turkeys they are badly Bente the art of losing isn't hard to master then practice losing further losing faster places and knees and we're across from men to travel none of the spring disaster I lost my mother's watch and look my last or next to last three loved houses went the art of losing isn't hard to master I lost two cities lovely ones and vaster some realms are young to reverse a continent I missed him but it wasn't a disaster even losing you the joking voice a gesture a love I shan't have lied it's evident the art of losing's not too hard to master though it may look like write it like disaster I hope you love that poem because by the time we are done with our analysis there is a chance that you will begin to hate it to bring down the villanelle into its formula we will first need to understand the refrain we didn't cover the refrain earlier so I'll just slip it in here a refrain is basically a repeating word for example we see that master is being used repeatedly in this plan but how does this fit into the villanelle formula in the villanelle the last word in the first line represented here by master in italics it's used as a refrain in the last words of stanzas two and four the last word in the third line which in this case is disaster and is underlined throughout it's used as a refrain and stands as three and five the last word lines one and three are also used as reference in the last words of lines three and 4 respectively in the final stanza confused we're not done with this point yet villanelles also employ a rhyme scheme the first and third lines of the first stanza represented by green rhymes with the first and third lines of every stanza and also with the fourth line of the sixth and final stanza additionally the second line of the first stanza rhymes with the second line of every stanza well I did tell you this form would be an intricate one the formulas laid out here but finding some time to read the villanelle again is your best bet to actually understanding it before we move on I'd like to draw your attention to the highlighted parts of this point words like master disaster and fluster Ryan quite strongly but gesture and last are are much weaker rhymes here we see the poet not trying overtly hard to stick to the rhyme scheme and giving importance instead that a meaning she wishes to convey in the final line she drops a phrase righted that goes completely against the flow of the rest of the poem this John's the reader and allows the poet to spark attention when she wants it these are great illustrations of the fact that poets need to be fearless about bending the rules when it suits the poem these deviations can be used very effectively and there's no reason why you cannot break out from these defined formulas we now return to the poem that God has started William Shakespeare's sonnet number 130 can you now see the formula behind the sonnet pause the video if you'd like to take a crack at deciphering it yourself here is the formula that we have sought the Shakespearean sonnet contains three quatrains followed by a couplet the quatrains use an ABA v rhyme scheme which means that the alternate lines rhyme with each other and the couplet uses an AAA rhyme scheme which means that both the lines write the entire poem uses iron big pentameter just a reminder that means that it's five pairs ions unstressed stressed stressed stressed and so on you can see here that the rhyme scheme has been highlighted and here we see the iambic pentameter with a stress syllables being underlined you can clearly see the unstressed stressed unstressed stressed patent that's followed throughout the stanza except in the beginning of the second line where coral is stressed followed by unstressed instead of the other way around and as I said before feel free to break the rules when you see fit I'm happy to present to you another poem written in a Shakespearean sonnet form this one by yours truly if into poems you would like to die then you must labor like a farmer's ox without trouble and toil no art may thrive it's not enough to think outside the box amongst all forms of poems there are few which captures people's hearts like the sonnet but what would all of them say if they knew the endless pain it brings to the poet we desperately search for words that rhyme in ten syllables the words we compress and then two rubber wounds with salt and line the stress and stresses brings us some more stress so spare a thought for those who write sonnets to bring you joy we die a thousand deaths and with that we are at the end of our tutorial so where do you go from here you become a poet but how do you do that huh if you want to be a writer you must do two things above all others read a lot and write a lot but what do you write when you get these poems from how do poems grow they grow out of your life and if there's one thing that you should take away from this tutorial it is that we all write poems it is simply the poets are the ones who write in words and to help my fellow poets have created an app called pocket poet which can help you search for words using rhyme syllable count and even stress patterns so when you're looking for the right word to fit into your poem pocket blow it might be the best tool to have by your side so do download it it's available for android right now you might find it handy when writing poems there are several helpful resources that you can find online and here are a few links to get you started bye Thanks to everyone who has watched this tutorial now without further ado unleash your newfound skills and write yourself a poem goodbye

40 thoughts on “Poetry Techniques in 30 Minutes

  1. Poetry is a gift from the Lord above,
    A release of words for pain or for love,
    Any subject, really, can be given soul,
    But the choice is yours because you're in control.

    Say it like you mean it no matter your style,
    Big words or small you're not on trial,
    Someone somewhere will get your feeling,
    For some it's pain, it's laughter, and others it's healing.

  2. Clickbait not 30 minutes I wanted to waste more time in English but instead had to endure an extra 6 minutes and 18 seconds

  3. Sigh
    This is my Moment and it has to count
    If only I could utter a word strung from my
    Mouth
    Tied together but won’t come
    Out
    Fear has crippled the alphabet
    Only nonsense as water sprout out

  4. I must admit I am now sad to find
    The comments here mostly lack rhyme
    I feel they failed
    to watch in detail
    And skipped to the end to save time

  5. I don't understand many technicalities about poems but I still write them. One doesn't need to know even the descriptions of what one is doing re a poem. It's ok if someone else tells you what you've done. You can still write a good poem.

  6. Everything I heard went in one ear and out the other😐😫😖. Looks like you might get 10-30 views from me alone.

  7. Thanks this really helped me on my way! It seems so easy now, ideas are pulsing through my head every second of the day now!
    I can't stop writing poems, I wrote 5 yesterday!!!!

    Check me out if you wish, I'm an aspiring writer!

  8. skilled rappers are the poets of today, take Eminem's "the way i am"

    Anapestic Tetrameter

    "i sit BACK
    with this PACK
    of zig ZAGS
    and this BAG
    of this WEED
    it gives ME
    the shit NEED-
    ed to BE
    the most MEAN-
    est emCEE…"

    subscribe to me for more hip hop lyrics being broken down by a poet!

  9. Got it.

    Niggery I, niggery do, niggery day
    All the sings that we can say
    Niggery I, niggery dee, niggery doe,
    All the things that we can know.

    Niggery I, Niggery, do, niggery day
    We'll do our best come what may
    Niggery I, niggery dee, niggery doe,
    What you reap is what you sow

    Niggery I, Niggery, do, niggery day
    Some work hard but too many play
    Niggery I, niggery dee, niggery doe,
    Only by work and struggle do we grow

  10. great content! really informative and enjoyable, I learned a lot! its amazing how you developed an app too! much love

  11. 💚 He he he! “….a grim reminder of the English languages ridiculous system of spelling”. 😀 I agree! (A British Londoner born n bred, who loves expression through Word). Thank you for the lesson Sir. Wonderfully presented.

  12. I start with an exprission in my heart.
    Like
    Beauty Of Darkness
    Dead Men
    Oh That Girl
    The Piano Of Yore
    The Cold Night
    Insane Asylum – (in iambic rhyming pentameter)
    The Land Unseen– (in non rhyming iambic pentameter)
    Her Vision– (A Shakespeare style Sonnet)

    -A few titles of my poems.
    These are a few of my poem titles.

  13. 'For rid'

    There it is again
    another soulful tear,
    it is alone on my face.

    We are the storm of two
    I am waiting for God
    to release our hurricane.

    Although there may be anger
    a merciless force yearning
    inside to be unchained.

    A love, this love that is beneath it
    may save the wicked from the punishment
    that I am prepared to unleash.

    Now if I were to see the red
    that I have envisioned to bleed
    there will be nothing in my path

    that I am not destined to destroy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *