PHILOSOPHY – Heidegger


Martin Heidegger is without doubt the most
incomprehensible German philosopher that ever lived. Nothing quite rivals the prose in his masterpiece
Being and Time, which is filled with complex compound German words like ‘Seinsvergessenheit’
‘Bodenständigkeit’ and ‘Wesensverfassung’. Yet beneath the jargon, Heidegger tells us
some simple, even at times homespun truths about the meaning of our lives, the sicknesses
of our time and the routes to freedom. We should bother with him. He was born, and in many ways remained, a
rural provincial German, who loved picking mushrooms, walking in the countryside and
going to bed early. He hated television, aeroplanes, pop music and processed food. At one time,
he’d been a supporter of Hitler, but saw the error of his ways. Much of his life he spent
in a hut in the woods, away from modern civilisation. He diagnosed modern humanity as suffering
from a number of diseases of the soul. Firstly: We have forgotten to notice we’re
alive. We know it in theory, of course, but we aren’t
day-to-day properly in touch with the sheer mystery of existence, the mystery of what
Heidegger called ‘das Sein’ or in English, ‘Being’. It’s only at a few odd moments, perhaps late
at night, or when we’re ill and have been alone all day, or are on a walk through the
countryside, that we come up against the uncanny strangeness of everything: why things exist
as they do, why we are here rather than there, why the world is like it is. What we’re running away from is a confrontation
with the opposite of Being, what Heidegger called: ‘das Nichts’ (The Nothing). The second problems is we have forgotten that
all Being is connected Most of the time, our jobs and daily routines
make us egoistic and focused. We treat others and nature as means and not as ends. But occasionally (and again walks in the country
are particularly conducive to this realisation), we may step outside our narrow orbit – and
take a more expansive view. We may sense what Heidegger termed ‘the Unity
of Being’, noticing for example that we, and that ladybird on the bark, and that rock,
and that cloud over there are all in existence right now and are fundamentally united by the basic
fact of our common Being. Heidegger values these moments immensely – and
wants us to use them as the springboard to a deeper form of generosity, an overcoming
of alienation and egoism and a more profound appreciation of the brief time that remains
to us before ‘das Nichts’ claims us in turn. The third problem is we forget to be free
and to live for ourselves Much about us isn’t of course very free.
We are – in Heidegger’s unusual formulation – ‘thrown into the world’ at the start
of our lives: thrown into a particular and narrow social milieu, surrounded by rigid
attitudes, archaic prejudices and practical necessities not of our own making. The philosopher wants to help us to overcome
this ‘Thrownness’ (‘Geworfenheit’ as he puts it in german) by understanding it. We need
to grasp our psychological, social and professional provincialism – and then rise above it to
a more universal perspective. In so doing, we’ll make the classic Heideggerian
journey away from ‘Uneigentlichkeit’ to ‘Eigentlichkeit’ (from Inauthenticity
to Authenticity). We will, in essence, start to live for ourselves. And yet most of the time, for Heidegger, we
fail dismally at this task. We merely surrender to a socialised, superficial mode of being
he called ‘they-self’ (as opposed to ‘our-selves’). We follow The Chatter (‘das Gerede’),
which we hear about in the newspapers, on TV and in the large cities Heidegger hated
to spend time in. What will help us to pull away from the ‘they-self’
is an appropriately intense focus on our own upcoming death. It’s only when we realise
that other people cannot save us from ‘das Nichts’ that we’re likely to stop living
for them; to stop worrying so much about what others think, and to cease giving up the lion’s
share of our lives and energies to impress people who never really liked us in the first
place. When in a lecture, in 1961, Heidegger was
asked how we should better lead our lives, he replied tersely that we should simply aim
to spend more time ‘in graveyards’. It would be lying to say that Heidegger’s
meaning and moral is ever very clear. Nevertheless, what he tells us is intermittently fascinating,
wise and surprisingly useful. Despite the extraordinary words and language, in a sense,
we know a lot of it already. We merely need reminding and emboldening to take it seriously,
which the odd prose style helps us to do. We know in our hearts that it is time to overcome
our ‘Geworfenheit’, that we should become more conscious of ‘das Nichts’ day-to-day,
and that we owe it to ourselves to escape the clutches of ‘das Gerede’ for the sake
of ‘Eigentlichkeit’ – with a little help from that graveyard.

100 thoughts on “PHILOSOPHY – Heidegger

  1. If I tell to freinds that, living a good life is spending more time in graveyard? They will think that I need a psy…..😇😇😇

  2. Heidegger undoubtedly has influenced phenomenology profoundly. However, for me, I am incapable of getting over the fact that he embraced Naziism. I think it's dishonest to argue that he did otherwise.

  3. "At one time, he'd been a supporter of Hitler, but saw the error of his ways." – Sorry, but the part about "seeing the error of his ways" doesn't really seem true to me. Just Google it. Well still an interesting man I suppose

  4. Heidegger NEVER renounced Nazism! Why would you say something so untrue? Great philosopher, but a bona fide Nazi till his death.

  5. His work is a waste of time -just words invented to make him look intelligent. If your “deep” philosophy does very little to stop you from being a Nazi, it is nothing but pure horse-shit.

  6. What i infer always from these videos is the diagnosis of the problems and not blindly accepting the medications given by Philosophers/scholars.

    So albeit the Nazi support which needs condemning, his diagnosis is brilliant.

  7. Brilliant philosopher, but recent findings about his long-standing association and participation in proactively carrying out nazi policies at his university by outing Jewish scholars under false acaccusations of treason, is utterly despicable. After the war, he could gave denounced nazism and the Jewish genocide, but for a man who had so much to say about authenticity and connectedness of Dasein, he never said a single word publicly condemning the genocide. Maybe his authentic self was only one of a great philosophical mind , but lacking the moral charecter to guide the self honorably.

  8. Are you kidding? The whole reason for the Heidegger controversy is that he DIDN'T see the error of his ways–and there exists no credible source from which you could've derived that false information. There were plenty of Nazi supporters who saw fascism as a bulwark against Marxism but who later disavowed it when they found out about the final solution. Heidegger was not one of these people. And judging by the dates of similar objections, you've had plenty of time to correct this irresponsible error. F. Scott Fitzgerald once said that the sign of true intelligence is being able to hold two contradictory thoughts in your head at the same time. Here are two contradictory thoughts: Heidegger was a brilliant and influential philosopher who also happened to be a Nazi. Wise up and edit that irresponsible misinformation out of this insipid video. And keep in mind what philosophy means: love of knowledge. This is superficial, misleading garbage. Avoid.

  9. These Videos are so clever visually; i am wondering; how many people are involved in their creation ? One Genius, or dozens of sub genius' ?

  10. Martin Heidgger – 'the human is a rational animal', does it means that he learns from people, and he gains his knowledge by learning stuff from others and so on? I study philosophy so i need some help. The subject is ' What is the human?' tsk.
    edit" Martin Heidegger*.

  11. Why are we glorifying a philosopher that was happy with Nazism and agreed that their philosophy was right?
    Just because his philosophy attacks traditional and conservative values?

  12. I think I will read 'being and time' I like reading philosophers but not expert. It seems that it would be greatly beneficial to read the book.

  13. How relevant today, with social media as the arena where people are fishing for compliments, by only showing their most superficial self, in order to escape the emptiness of their lives. But good lord, how can you escape all the senseless chatter (das Gerede), when it is all around you and you're kept busy, having to go to mind numbing, low pay work? I'd say, Heidegger paints a very accuracte picture of modern society, that has us all by the balls.

  14. I clicked on this video to hear Heidegger not your opinion and rumors of him and narrative driven ideas of you trying to shorten his philosophical writings into a short video.

  15. I think his suggestion to treasure every moment of life is a very bad idea. This is easy to do for people who are least aware that there is death at some point in life, whether in old age, or through illness or accidents before that. The more one is valuing every living moment of life just because it is life and contains experience the more the shock and fear will be when one is becoming aware they'll die. The less you connect yourself the easier it will be to let it go and feel emotionally at peace in the end.

  16. Evolution of philosophical anthropology

    Descartes: "I think, therefore I am."
    Heidegger: "I give a shit because I am"

  17. Ich habe den Text geschrieben und auf dem Youtube-Kanal den Entwurf des Buches "Details über die Methodik von M. Heidegger" geäußert. Noch in Russisch. Jetzt studiere ich Deutsch, um ein Buch auf Deutsch zu schreiben. Aber für das Sprachenlernen wollte ich mehr Bücher auf Deutsch, aber wir haben sehr wenig davon.

  18. I don't agree with this "mystery of life". This mystery is only a human construct due to his complex mind. See the purity of children, see animals, see plants, see adults living and loving eachother, see the world making progress without questioning this absurd and annoying question of the "mystery" of existence. Do they ever wonder about the existence? Do they ever feel that mystery? No, obviously. Methaphysical philosophy and that "mystery" is a neurosis due to the complexity of human conciousness. The same way that without humans there wouldn't be a God, without humans there's no mystery neither. There's no mystery in this world, everything is extremely real. Something these kind of methaphysical philosophers hate, because they no longer can dream in methaphysics, and they, inevitably, have to crash with the overwhelming reality. A reality that, in the first place, was meant to be their main object of analysis. But in reality, they are sort of, out of this world. Philosophers, i'm sorry, but there is no mystery. The problems the real problems, we are facing right now, are as mundane as your own body. But i understand that you get caught in this sort of neurosis. See the case of Heidegger, hating modern civilization and capitalism, pop music, process food, spending his life in a hut in the woods, isolated. Only from such a person who hates life could come out such a neurotical perspective of life.

  19. ''Life is merely nothing more than a trip, and our destination be that will be heaven'' – Mohaimin Nadeem philosopher.

  20. As I have been told by seevral philosophers by now and believe, Heidegger never prescribed any particular way of life, to be authentic as an example or in his own words "eigentlich", but simply described modes of being.

  21. Heidegger never ''saw the error of his ways'' in regard to Nazism. To say he did is to tell a lie. Nazism was central to Heidegger's philosophy, as his behaviour towards Jews amply demonstrated on many occasions throughout the 1930s, and as his notebooks and diaries reveal. As he said himself, to understand his commitment to Nazism, look to his philosophy, which is a philosophy of death in life.

  22. Heidegger never renounced the Nazis or admitted that he was wrong to join with them. He was an ardent Nazi who denounced his academic colleagues to the Nazis. He never apologized for his Nazi past.

  23. Great and interesting man. This man taught us how to worship the now and grasp our treasures with infinite intensity. Our jobs and daily routines can put a limit on our ability to enjoy our being 100-percent. The overcoming to egoism, very interesting concept. The truth will set us free.

  24. I wonder what this great philosopher would think about our current internet based culture. As the old cliche goes, he is rolling over in his grave.

  25. Mr. De Bottom, please let us be correct and honest in all things. What do you mean when you say that Heidegger "saw the error of his ways"as far as Nazism goes? He remained a member of the Nazi Party to the very end of the war. He oversaw the removal of Jewish professors and thinkers in positions of importance in academe, so he therefore was part of the nazification of the German intellectual world.

    This is not something to be glossed over with a trite phrase. Please try again.

  26. This is the most unchristian interpretation of the Christian discipline I've ever seen and I love it. The phrase "great minds think alike" comes to mind and I can now see that I've been using that phrase wrong my whole life, I think what it really means is this: The closer you come to finding the truth, the more idiosyncratic your ideas become.

  27. you know the most important goal Heidegger's set for his philosophy was to get at the general Being itself WITHOUT focusing at all on Dasein (most pronounced in Contributions, but still explicitly mentioned in Being and Time), not to mention that Heidegger despised Anthropology… i mean presenting his philosophy as some sort of 'you need to be your genuine selves and lead your best lives' self-help is the biggest insult you could ever throw at his face.

  28. Germans contributed much to the world and it is a tragedy such a bad turn happened that utterly destroyed them losing so many potential future contributions.

  29. (I know this grievance is petty but it's actually a very serious one, especially in this day and age when so much of the youth is being drawn into the seemingly loving embrace of fascism)
    As much as i love school of life, this really goes to prove how centrists like alain de botton can be so intent on embracing all perspectives that they completely contrive what have been so postmodernly deemed "alternative facts." "He soon saw the era of his ways," botton says as a picture of someone tossing out a swastika as though it were garbage pops up onto the screen.
    Well, no, sorry. Bullshit. I can't find any source that cites heidegger as doing away with nazism. He stuck with the grotesquerie until the very end. One just has to look to his "Black Notebooks" (a sort of philosophical journal he kept) to fully observe the antisemitism that ran deep in his core ideologies. It;s disgusting to me that power-botton so casually decides (for no apparent reason other than perhaps denial or deliberate spreading of misinformation) that heidegger renounced his ethnocentric disposition.
    It is perhaps the evangelical centrism in all these so called "new atheists" that renders them incapable of completely eviscerating enemies of reason like Steven Pinker. Do we owe much of philosophy's trajectory to Heidegger? Of course. Was he a card carrying nazi and devout antisemite? Yes. I hope that as others make their way through these typically delightful and educational videos on prominent thinkers, they will not have to be subject to more denialist bullshit such as this. Severely disappointed.

  30. May i ask what are your references for this specific video? Btw. I congratulate the author of this amazing, concise and well-versed presentation about Heidegger! Keep it up!

  31. The notion that Heidegger was providing "self-help" guidance contradicts his ever present inclination to avoid making value judgements between his "authentic" and "inauthentic" modes of being. Take it from someone who studies him: this source is complete trash.

  32. He did not see the error of his ways ! He did nor repent to have been a nazi ! I can’t believe you glorify him like that when he actually denounced his colleagues to the Gestapo.

  33. I think this way too..and never even heard of this guy until today. I can't seem to get away from what others think though. I live sort of how he did, mostly alone now, but it's not because I escaped their judgement, it's because I just couldn't handle it anymore and avoid them. Every time you come into contact with even 1 person, there's so much judgement…it's fucking endless. They make thousands of judgements during a conversation. I do it too. I don't like it but I can't help it and neither can they. So by avoiding most people, this problem is solved. Take away the contact and you take away the judgement.

  34. The most idiotic philosopher, his philosophy is intellectualized meaningless babble. This guy was also a nazi btw, a psychopathic dick.

  35. For my report at school, can anyone help me explain the difference between Meditative and Calculative thinking? I’ve been finding sources on the internet since I can’t find it in the library.

  36. As an Archaeologist with a BA in Fine Arts and a master in Architecture and have been studying the concept of space and being, Heidegger is simply incredible. He was a genius.

  37. "He hated television, airplanes, pop music, and processed foods"
    And he also hated Jewish people dont forget that part

  38. I remember reading Heidegger with the intent to grasp phenomenology and it was like getting beat to death with words. Sein und Zeit is easily the most difficult thing I have ever read. It is also one of the most useful.

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