NTA/UGC-NET/JRF English, Cultural Studies, New Syllabus, English Literature



English Language Institute I'm professor Sharma after all again in front of you with a new video at this time oh very unfortunate topic that is cultural studies it has been recently added in the NTA EDC met grf English literature exam so we will be discussing cultural studies today see it is a very big branch of anthropology it is not just a topic it is a very big friend and you need a very sound background reading to understand this but then I have tried to simplify this subject for you this topic field we will be doing we will be taking it as a literary theory although it is not a literary today but we will be talking about it as the critical literally take it is a complete studies I know that but we have to relate it to literature also I try to understand what culture is now let me ask you some questions what kind of food do you eat typically subji or Italy or pizza burger or any kind of food which you consume daily on the daily basis then let me know what kind of trees do you with water bodies again what is your dressing style usual dressing style according to your environment I should say what political ideology you know so many different political parties they have different ideologies so rich ideology to you for what is your religion which religion so many religion in this country in the words of which religion next what kind of lifestyle to live a simple one which completes a basic meets a day to day life or a luxurious life ultra-modern life where you have all the things in abundance you have no requirement to earn you have plenty of money and you wear the designer dresses you have all big private things with you so there is a difference in lifestyle also when you answer these questions you reveal a kind of life you live the way of life the kind of dress the kind of food the political ideology religion all your thoughts are bounded by all these things and you live a kind of life so this life when it is lived by a group of people it becomes a culture then the people in the same group they try to follow the same culture it is branded as a particular culture so how how this country respond if this culture is formed when you choose one thing over the earth you have chosen this particular dress of this particular food over the others this ideology over the others that means this is a complete culture and there are many different cultures followed by human beings when there they follow this in a group that means more than one person more than one if that means baby people in following some particular thing that means it is a culture so to study different kinds of culture becomes cultural studies so this is choosing one thing what makes you choose one thing what makes you think that you should choose one thing would be why not all the things you can choose I'm not talking about the vocational dresses or the occasional food I'm talking about the staple diet understand this or whatever you have chosen and which group do you follow which ideology so many chose one thing so how do you choose one see input the subconscious mind is that and it gathers images through the senses it takes everything inside subconsciously without your knowing it so there are things which you take in subconsciously and there are events and images you take and consciously by your senses whatever you see whatever you hear whatever you find interested in you take so you start judging it you start choosing it and you start following it following a particular culture or a particular trend all these things they help you to form emotion towards something at this notion if many people share it becomes a country who is behind this culture what is there see there are things with you and your senses they perceive them okay you perceive a thing you make a perception a phenomenal price and then you follow it it becomes a way of life these phenomena if followed by many people it becomes a culture so right from an image which is perceived perception is formed then perspective which is which becomes a phenomena of life and then culture your perception may be different than the perception of the balance it is it is only got into the environmental situation it depends on the senses it depends on your prior preconceived notions there are so many things here in this world you have to judge it according to yourself you cannot judge in isolation you always work with the environment into it would be prior images which you have got in your mind they will be make a judgment or you form a choice you form a perception this is their so when this perception is followed by many people the phenomena of wave length is done with many people then it becomes a no how does this who makes this environment the environment is usually dictated by the elite classes the celebrities the lifestyle they promote it because they have the power they need classes the power promotion this helps the environment to change the culture or to make a particular culture you always look forward to your idol Islam heroes the actors the writers the leaders of the country and you try to follow them they have the power to promote it the investments you see on television television and social media today are the biggest promoters and then run by the they are run by the elite classes the daily life of the celebrities is promoted through the leaders through social media and the common public tried to imitate imitation is also a human instinct you want to do whatever you see right from your childhood the child tries to imitate so when you are in a culture so many things are motivated influenced you and guided you to do a particular order follow a particular train so the culture is dictated by the people who have the power who have to money who are in a position to later trends so the culture is always changing it is never constant so all these images which are they're taken by your mind are thrown by the environment and you are influenced you are motivated you're inspired to adopt that particular image and thus making your culture work many times what your eyes see and your ears hear you feel that this is right and you start forming a culture which is very different which is and the Vimanas to be the same values so your animals your traditions they are all dependent on the culture you follow you values may get lost because of the change in culture because of the videos you become the target of the benefit of someone you are a puppet the promotion of the power or the economic benefit now get you to adopt a particular culture therefore the dynamics of culture our culture image culture and society the split between the higher class and the Lord was therefore Raymondville oops in 1958 in with the studies of culture and society of British writer novelist critic of Marxist writer he was so he studied the frame of working class in Britain and came up with the very important studies of culture and society according to Raymond Williams there are three kinds of culture the first one is idea culture idle culture is the culture which is totally there which is believed in which has a value which is the most primitive kind or set up by the intellectuals the second is the documentary culture documenting culture you have different generations the people of the general the intellectual people of the particular generations their thoughts are recorded the best which was ever thought in the century or at that particular time of period is recorded in the documentary culture and the third one is social culture which is displayed in the society which is promoted in the society which is according to the benefit of the elite or the poverty us s so there are three kinds of cultures which have been said by William blim ins I will culture documentary culture and the social culture the main program is of the cultural studies our Raymond Williams as I already told you that he would culture and society in 1958 and then he wrote the long revolution in 1961 an EP Thompson wrote the making of an English working class in 1963 William said that it is a forward way of life of British people and Compson said that the life is harder culture so in the studies both of them lay open the proposition of culture and society so the interplay of race intensity this nationality religion the social split of the classes they offer form the basis of cultural theory so the other theorists who contributed to the cultural studies are Michel Foucault's who talked about power and representation and red cent talks about Orientalism and paul ciliary he talks about the fascination of Englishness English Society has fascinated the world that's why people try to follow this very Englishness in the world budgetary focuses on cultural contract creating the culture sustaining competing through organizations through science through the different environment happenings like traffic like discoveries like crime so many things they influence and they produce the conflict in culture it is also called new Turtles David Emily Turkey a French sociologist I don't know the correct pronunciation of this French name but then he was a sociologist who studies in integrity and currents of the modern society he talked about the division of labor and then he said that sociology is also a kind of science he called it a legitimate science and he redefined almost comte's positivism so as i already told you you need a solid background to understand cultural theory it cannot be read in isolation there are so many things around it which you need to understand first it also takes in feminism because as rise of feminism of the culture has changed suffered to change to a very LGBT community gender equality post carbonization imperialism slavery race identity religion so many things have come and combined so the integrity and the governance of these studies are the basis of cultural studies so all these things cannot be and not in one video you need several classes and this cannot be one-way communication the teacher needs the equal participation of the listeners because you people are scholars you can contribute your views in the class to understand this theory so it is like a discussion it is not just the teachers responsibility to convey the ideas because your background your prior knowledge your senses will also contribute to the complete understanding of the cultural studies so I would request you to find time and come to the Institute for the proper classes proper enrichment of literature which is done here we really go by passion in literature if you're thorough with literary theories you would be in a position don't understand so I would request all of you to watch all minded retelling videos I have done plenty of videos on literary theory covering each and every topic whether it is new critics or deconstruction of post-modernism so structuralism chill ISM post-colonialism plus lots of videos on historicism introduction allottee ego criticism psychoanalysis and many more so you can of course one very interesting one reader-response Theory so you can go back and watch all these videos you will get a lot of knowledge on literary theories so I think you must have liked my lecture please like comment share and subscribe and join the Institute at the earliest for the next exam of NDA UGC met thank you so much you

30 thoughts on “NTA/UGC-NET/JRF English, Cultural Studies, New Syllabus, English Literature

  1. Madam…its nice…but can you tell me onething….net exm me unit 4 tak sare qstns passage me ayega kya?

  2. Thank you ma'am. Awesome……Lambe samay baad dekha apka video…achhha lga….

  3. What an amazing video.Thanks for making it so interesting and informative.Saw the entire video about culture its influence,types and much more.You are looking gorgeous and the way you explain grabs the listeners attention.

  4. Thanks a lot for sharing your knowledge to everyone. But, one request Ma'am the Audio quality has to improve.thatz it. Other than that, its awesome..,

  5. After a long time ,but full of knowledge ma'am…
    It shows your deep knowledge of content👍👍👍👌

  6. Wow! Beautiful explanation ma’am, thanks a lot
    I like the way u present things, you are amazing teacher, really praiseworthy❤️

  7. Bhot sare students k pass aap jasey teacher nhi h mam…so i request you…..plzzz share your Knowledge…….becoz this is the only medium …..jis se students bhot kuch sikh skte h

  8. I have studied everything from you and these videos are such a good refresher for me! I teach students and recommend them your videos cz you explain so nicely!!

  9. I think you have have deep knowledge about the topic and I really understood everything, people have been creating superficial content but I always look forward to your videos

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