'Jekyll and Hyde' Analysis: Understanding the Author

37 thoughts on “'Jekyll and Hyde' Analysis: Understanding the Author

  1. You don’t understand how useful this video is oml I’m going to re watch this sooo much especially on Wednesday morning (day of my exam)

  2. It wasn't Thomas Weir's wife it was his sister, he got charged for bestiality incest and adultery and his sister done witchcraft

  3. Thank you so so much Mr Bruff; all of your videos have helped me immensely. Revision for literature used for feel overwhelming but now that I found your channel I have hope I will succeed in my exams.

  4. Targeted at a 6 in both English lit and lang.. doubt I’ll get that so I figured I’d come and watch some mr bruff!! Such a good video!!

  5. great attempt but i think that watching the nutty professor on loop will pretty much secure you a 9 👌

  6. So I’m in year 10 and I have around 5 months before my literature exam I’m starting these before it gets to late 😂( btw I’m being entered early )

  7. In this extract, London has it’s ‘first fog of the season’ however as the extract continues ‘the fog would be broken up’ and eventually lifts a ‘little’. This quote can suggest how as Utterson commences his journey, he is very confused as the ‘fog’ is clouding his mind. The adjective ‘first’ suggests how as a lawyer, he rarely is confused regarding a situation however here Utterson is extremely confused which consequently means that the situation must be extremely supernatural. As he continues on his journey he gets more confused as the ‘fog’ is ‘broken up’ which portrays how the lawyer who seemed so organized and systematic in the exposition, can break and shatter under pressure. This shows how Utterson is a human and everyone has two sides to theme- duality. Alternatively the ‘fog’ can relate to how in the Victorian era, as technology was being developed and progression was occurring- in some sense evolution, which was also a popular belief in the Victorian era- there was a lot of pollution and so Stevenson could’ve done this to make the setting of London a lot more realistic. However, this can also relate to how as ‘fog’ was a result of progression, Mr Utterson was making progression regarding the mystery around Jekyll and Hyde.

    The event occurs at night as the ‘hues of twilight’ ‘would be dark like the back-end of evening’. These quotes evidently convey how the event occurred at night. This is pathetic fallacy due to the fact Mr Utterson feels as if he is in darkness and can’t escape. He feels as though he is not improving in solving the mystery regarding Jekyll and Hyde’s relationship. The simile conveys how late this is occurring and the Victorian reader will believe that Utterson is up to no good and is a ‘secret sinner’ due to the fact, in the Victorian era, many men went out in the dark so they could let go of their evil side when no-one would see and find out. This is because, in the Victorian era, many believed that their reputation was sacred and they must protect it as they didn’t want to be looked down at by society. Also, the adjective ‘dark’ can suggest how there are so many secrets around that the sky is being blocked by them. The modern and Victorian reader will feel the suspense and tension being built up by the darkness and seclusion and as the semantic connotations of these are negative (i.e. death), the modern and Victorian reader will believe that something bad will occur later on in the novella.

    In the rest of the novella, Stevenson shows the isolation of characters through the setting. Jekyll locks himself up where there are ‘barred windows’ and ‘light’ falls ‘dimly’. The sentence these quotes were extracted from are short and simple sentences. This reflects to how Jekyll only has a few days left in his life as towards the denouement of the novella, the modern and Victorian reader will understand how Jekyll is, inevitably, a ‘self-destroyer’. In the Victorian era, everyone was extremely religious and believed that ‘thou shall not kill’ (10 commandments). This means Hyde sinned when he killed himself despite how the intention of it was good-to remove evil from the world. The Victorian reader would’ve thought that Hyde would go to hell for such a serious sin and consequently would dislike Hyde. Alternatively, it can suggest how Jekyll is confused and incoherent due to the fact he has little control of his life and, instead, Hyde has more power despite being the ‘lower element’ in Jekyll’s ‘soul’. The lack of power that Jekyll has can be as he is isolated and trapped both mentally and physically. Jekyll is trapped physically as the semantic connotations of the ‘barred windows’ are possibly prison cells. Moreover, the verb: ‘barred’ personifies the ‘windows’ which Stevenson does to reinforce the lack of power that Jekyll has and that a normal, everyday item can have more power than a human. In the Victorian era, human beings were seen as being perfect as the Victorian era were very religious and believed that man was created by God. If a man-made item could have power over Jekyll, the Victorian reader would’ve thought that Jekyll couldn’t be created by the omnipotent God but by satan and consequently the religious Victorian reader would’ve been afraid of Jekyll and his supernatural and ‘fanciful’ experiments. Stevenson did this to discourage science and experimentation as he believed it was going against God.

    In the extract, London is conveyed as dual due to the fact there were ‘many different nationalities’ where many ‘ragged children huddled’. The adjective ‘different’ shows how many unique people are in London and consequently, this could relate to how many secrets they had. Also the dynamic verb ‘huddled’ shows that these dual natures were close together and ‘intertwined’. Jekyll and Hyde are ‘knit closer than a wife, closer than an eye’. This links the conventions of the gothic genre as it was seen that duality is supernatural and fictional and doesn’t exist. Many writers during the Victorian era had utilised the theme of duality in order to educate the Victorian society, for an example, the Legend of Faust, where Faust makes a pact with the Devil and trades his soul for 20 years of unlimited knowledge and pleasure, Jekyll does this too as he wants to fulfil his pleasures and ultimately dies due to it. Stevenson does this to make the modern and Victorian readers understand that playing with the supernatural will end tragically. Alternatively, the quote: ‘ragged children huddled’ repeats the harsh phonetic‘d’ sound which can possibly have the semantic connotation of violence which in the Victorian era, they assosciated violence and wildness with the lower class as they were less civilised. The adjective: ‘ragged’ shows how even such pure and young ‘children’ can be worn out/ described negatively reinforcing the theme of duality.

    Could you please mark this essay??????????

  8. I am not really sure but my teacher said that homosexuality could be a theme in the novella because there is only men in the novel and there is some quotes that suggests that Henry Jekyll is gay. I am not really sure if this is correct or how to implement this in my work.

  9. You know for the exam question, is it allowed if u use the same technique for the extract and the novel?
    For example in the extract short sentences are used…… In the novel
    short sentences are used
    Answer asap pleaseeeeee

  10. Was Stevenson a Christian? Or was he pro religious? What was his opinion on religion and science – many thanks!

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