Indian Nobel Prize Winners List | Nobel Laureates Of India

Mr. Alfred Nobel was a Swedish
businessman ,chemist ,engineer, inventor and philanthropist. As a child Nobel
worked at his father’s arms factory. After an explosion killed his younger
brother in 1864, Nobel began looking for a safer alternative to black powder, the
common substance for explosive at that particular time. Initially using
Nitroglycerin and other unconventional substances he eventually came up with a
combination of Nitroglycerin, powdered clay and stabilizers to form his new
creation “DYNAMITE”. After Nobel patented his invention in
1867 ,it was an immediate success due to its ability to create a safer, more
controlled explosion. However in 1888 Nobel was criticized by a French
newspaper, which published a scathing article about his invention of Dynamite
and the violence it was capable of causing. The criticism deeply affected
Noble ,making him concerned about how he might be viewed and portrayed after his
death. In his last will and testament, he said aside a significant portion of
his estate that would eventually be used to set up the Nobel Prizes, which should
be always awarded annually to someone, based on their outstanding achievements
regardless of their background . Noble’s will specified that, annual prizes are to
be awarded for service to humanity in the field of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine,
Literature and Peace. Similarly this Sveriges Riksbank prize
in Economic Science, in memory of Alfred Nobel is awarded along with Nobel Prizes
from the year 1901. Instituted in 1901 more than 904 individuals including 852
men and 52 women and 24 Organizations were awarded the Nobel Prize between
1901 to 2019. So friends let me welcome with this video to show you our six
Nobel laureates who has made our nation proud Abhijit Banerjee is an Indian-American
economist Abhijit Banerjee is an Indian-American
economist Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Banerjee shared the 2019 Nobel Memorial
Prize in Economic Sciences with Esther Duflo and Michael Kramer for their
experimental approach to aliviating global poverty. He along with his wife
Esther Duflo are the sixth married couple to jointly win a Nobel Prize. Mr.
Banerjee is the co-founder of Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty action lab. He is a
research affiliate of innovations for poverty action. Banerjee was a research
associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is the co-author of
economics he also serves on the academic Advisory Board of Plaksha University
his new book co-authored with Esther Duflo “Good Economics For Hard Times” was
released in October 2019 in India. Mr. Banerjee was born in Mumbai in
India to Nirmala Banerjee, a professor of Economics at the Center for Studies
in Social Sciences ,Calcutta and Deepak Banerjee a Bengali professor and the
head of the Department of Economics at Presidency College, Calcutta. His work
focuses on development economics together with Esther Duflo.
He has discussed field experiments as an important methodology to discover casual
relationship in economics. In 2012, he shared the Gerald Loeb Award Honourable
Mention for business book with co-author Esther Duflo,
for their Book “Poor Economics” in 2019 He was awarded the Nobel Prize in
Economics together with Esther Duflo and Michael Kramer for their work Alleviating Global Poverty Rabindranath Tagore a Bengali poet known
by Gurudev, Kobiguru, and Biswakobi was a polymath, poet, musician and artist
from Indian subcontinent. He became the first Non-European to receive Nobel
Prize for Literature. Gurudeb was born on 7th of May 1861 in JoraSanko
Mansion in Calcutta. His father was Devendranath Thakur and
mother was Sharoda Devi. Rabindranath Tagore’s traditional education began in
Brighton, England at a public school. I am feeling extremely privileged to say that
I have visited this place. He was sent to England in the year 1878 as his father
wanted him to become a barrister. In 1891 they were went to Shilaidaho, East Bengal and there he oftened stayed in a houseboat on Padma River in
close contact with village folk and his sympathy for them become the keynote of
much of his writing. Rabindranath’s father had brought a huge stretch of land in
Shantiniketan. With an idea of establishing an experimental school in
his father’s property, he shifted base to Shantiniketan in the year 1901 and
founded a ‘Ashram” there. I am feeling extremely happy to say that I can
connect to this place as my wife Debotri belongs to Shantiniketan. Rabindranath Tagore believed in the concept of one world. He set out on an world tour in
countries like United States, Japan, Mexico, Singapore and Rome where he made
national leaders and important personalities including the life of
Einstein and Mussolini he settled permanently at the school
which became “Biswabharati University” in the year 1921. Though he
had written thousands of poems, songs short stories etc but the year of
sadness arising from the death of his wife and two children between 1902 and
1907 ,are reflected in his later poetry which was introduced to the west ‘Gitanjali” in the year 1912. This book containing tagore’s English prose
translation of religious poem from several of his Bengali verse including
“Gitanjali” was held by WB Yeats and André Gide and owned him the Nobel Prize
in 1913. Amartya Sen is an Indian economist
and philosopher who has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the
United States since 1972. Sen has made contribution to welfare economics, social
choice theory ,economic and social justice and bagged Nobel Memorial Prize
in Economic Sciences in the year 1998. Amartya Sen was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Bengal, British India in Rabindranath Tagore’s University
Shantiniketan, modern-day ,West Bengal, India on 3rd November 1933. Rabindranath
Tagore Gave Amartya his name the literal meaning is “immortal”
since family was from Wari and Manikgunj Dhaka. His father Ashutosh Sen was
professor of chemistry at Dhaka University he moved with his family to West Bengal
in the year 1945. Sen’s mother Amita Sen was the daughter of Kshiti Mohan Sen, the eminent Sanskrit and scholar of ancient india. Sen’s work on choice
of techniques complimented that of Morris Dobb in the developing country the
Dob-Sen strategy relied on maximizing investable surpluses, maintaining
constant real wages and using the entire increase in level productivity due to
technological change to raise the rate of accumulation. In addition to his
important work on the causes of famines Sen’s work in the field of development
economics has had considerable influence in the formulation of human development
report published by the United Nations Development Programme. Mr. Sen has
received over 90 honorary degrees from universities around the world. In the
year 2019 London School of Economics announced the creation of a Amartya
Sen’s chair in inequality studies Have you wondered why the sky and ocean
are blue ? it’s Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman ,who has given answer to this. The
Indian physicist who carried out groundbreaking work in the field of
light scattering which earned him Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 and was the
first person in Asia to obtain these in the field of science. Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7th 1888 in the city of J Tiruchirappalli, Tamulnadu . Raman’s father was Chandra Shekara Ramanathan Iyer.
His mother was Parvati Ammal. In the year 1904 he obtained a BA degree from
University of Madras with Gold Medal in physics in 1907. He completed MSC degree
with highest distinction in 1917. He was offered the ‘Palit Chair’ of physics at
Calcutta University. After 15 years at Calcutta he became professor at the
Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore He was director of Raman Institute of
Research at Bangalore and founded the Indian Journal of Physics in 1926. He
discovered that when light Traverses a transparent material, some of the
deflected light changes wavelength and amplitude. He discovered that with light
interacts with the molecule, the light can donate a small amount of energy to
the molecule as a result of this the light changes its color and the molecule
vibrates. This phenomenon subsequently known as Raman scattering results from
the Raman effect. The field of Raman spectroscopy came to
be based on this phenomenon and Ernest Rutherford referred this to
Toyal Society London in 1929. In the year 1954 the Indian government honored him
with India’s highest civilian award the Bharat Ratna. Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu
commonly known as Mother Teresa and honored in Catholic Church as Saint
Teresa of Calcutta She was an Albanian Indian Roman
Catholic nun and missionary she was born in Skopje North Macedonia. After living
in Skopje for 18 years she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she
lived the most of her life. Teresa received a number of honours including
the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. she was canonized
on 4th September 2016. In the year 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of
Charity that had over 4,500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012. This NGO
manages home for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, Leprosy and Tuberculosis. It
also runs soup kitchens dispensaries, mobile clinics, children’s and family
counseling programs as well as orphanage and schools on 10th September 1946 Teresa
experienced what she later described as “the call within the call” when she
traveled by train – Loreto – Convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta for her annual
retreat She began missionary work with the poor
in 1948 replacing her traditional Loreto Habit with a simple white cotton
sari with the blue border. Teresa adopted Indian citizenship and spent several
months in Patna to receive basic medical training at Holy Family Hospital
and ventured into the slums. She founded a school in Motijhil, Kolkata before
she began tending to poor and hungry. She was fluent in five languages Bengali
Albanian Serbian English and Hindi Teresa said “by blood I am Albanian ,by
citizenship i am Indian, by faith I am a Catholic nun as to my calling I belongs
to the world, as to my heart I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus” Sir Rona Ross was a British Medical
doctor who received the Nobel Prize for medicine in the year 1902 for his work
on Transmission of Malaria. He is the first British Nobel laureate
and the first born outside of Europe. He was a polymath, writing a number of poems,
published several novels and composed songs. He was also an amateur artist and
natural mathematician. Ronald Ross was born in Almora
India his father was Campebll Grant Ross, General in British Indian Army and
mother was Matilda Charlotte Elderton, In September 1897 Ross was transferred
to Bombay and he was frustrated for lack of work and he threatened to resign from
service. The government arranged his work in Calcutta on a special duty. On
17 February in 1898 he arrived in Calcutta to work in the Pesidency
General Hospital. He immediately carried out research in Malaria and Kalajar
for which he was assigned for and Ross was awarded Nobel Prize for his
discovery of the lifecycle of malarial parasites in birds. He did not build his
concept of malarial transmission in humans but in birds. Ross was the first
to saw that malarial parasite was transmitted by the bite of infected
mosquitoes. Ronald Ross was known to be self centric
and egocentric and described as an impulsive man. Ross was frequently
embittered by lack of government support for scientist in medical research. In
spite of all controversies Sir Ronald Ross is one of the 23rd names to feature
on the frieze of London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine pioneers
chosen for their contribution to public health

9 thoughts on “Indian Nobel Prize Winners List | Nobel Laureates Of India

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