Friedrich Nietzsche Biography: The Übermensch



this video is made possible by brilliance you're gonna learn more about brilliant later in today's video but if you'd like to learn more about them right now go to brilliant org forward slash bio graphics you'll also find a link in the description below Friedrich Nietzsche was a 19th century philosopher who is most remembered for his killer quotes and incredibly large moustache the main goal of his work was aimed to uncover the fact that there is no universal truth and that the human condition is in a constant state of overcoming our animalistic urges he came up with many amazing quotes that we still use to this very day including what doesn't kill me makes me stronger and of course God is dead while he is often misunderstood and his work has been used for the justification of evil over the past hundred years the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche truly has changed the way that people in the 21st century live and today in the video we're going to talk about his life his philosophy and his legacy Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15th 1844 in Saxony Prussia which is now a part of modern-day Germany he just happened to be born on the same day as king friedrich wilhelm of the fourth which is why his parents decided to name him after their ruler he grew up in a very strict Protestant family his father was a priest and his grandfather published books defending Lutheranism his father contracted an excruciating Lee painful brain disease that lasted for a full year before he finally died then in 18-49 Friedrichs younger brother Ludvig also died when he was only 2 years old by the time he started going to kindergarten Nietzsche had seen so much death and suffering in his young life that he was already a very serious person he was nearsighted and he got constant headaches from a condition called myopia therefore he started wearing glasses as young Charles he looked and acted like a tiny professor who was far too grown-up for childish games obviously this didn't make him very popular with his classmates and he did not make many friends most of his childhood was spent surrounded by women his mother his grandmother and two aunts they all shared in the responsibilities of raising him in 1856 Friedrich Nietzsche his sister Elisabeth and his mother moved to their own house in Nonnberg Germany that house would become the place where he would write his most important work and the property has been preserved today as a museum nature attended Christian prep school and later transferred to a boarding school he never got particularly good grades but his father had a state job before he passed away which meant that he got a full scholarship to any college of his choice he chose to study theology and philosophy at Bond University he originally wanted to become a priest like his father but after just two semesters he realized that his personal beliefs were in direct conflict with the theological curriculum and he often got into arguments with his professors he had to eventually transfer to the University of Leipzig Andy started studying ancient languages like Latin and Greek as a students new trip contracted syphilis from a prostitute at a brothel which made him physically weak and in constant pain for the rest of his life syphilis is also known for causing people to fall into madness which ultimately did happen to him at that time there was no cure for syphilis today it's treated with penicillin but that would not be invented until 1923 significantly after his death spent much of his free time listening to live performances of orchestras and operas the music was so beautiful that helped him to forget about his pain he was particularly fascinated by the work of composer Richard Wagner and he would pay to see each new performance three or four times in a row he was completely inspired by the tragedy of the characters in Vargas operas and he eventually got to meet the composer they became very good friends and Richard Wagner was sort of like a father figure to Nietzsche when he was 24 years old he worked as a full-time professor of languages at the University of Basel he taught for several years even though he claims that he was not all that happy in the classroom he decided to volunteer his time as an orderly at the hospital after school however he ended up contracting dysentery and diphtheria from the patients his health continued to decline so dramatically that he would sometimes end up bedridden for several days straight he decided to retire from being a professor in his 30s and lived on a very modest pension the nature simply staying alive it was a constant battle he spent a great deal of time in bed with nothing to do and he was always thinking about the meaning of life and humanity this is when he began to write books on philosophy Friedrich Nietzsche believed that there is no absolute truth and that people should not have blind faith in their church or their political leaders today this is kind of common sense but back in the 1800s people were raised that there were absolute right and wrong answers and there was nothing in between there was no gray by telling people to inquire rather than just blindly accept something he inspired future generations do completely change the way that we think one of his most famous quotes God is dead is used by atheists everywhere but it's actually misunderstood and rather taken out of context what he really said was God is dead God remains dead and we have killed him how shall we comfort ourselves the murderers of all murderers he wasn't celebrating the death of God though he was making a statement the more and more people were losing faith all the time and he believed that without Christianity mankind didn't know how to figure out right and wrong without the existence of religion people often looked up to their political leaders and royal families with a sort of god-like reverence he knew that people needed something else to take religions place he wanted people to embrace arts like music literature and theater instead and he said that Shakespeare had just as much value to human morality as the Bible without giving away people's ability to think for themselves he believed that the rules of society were developed to keep people down and maintain the status quo for example in Christianity it's taught that people should be like Jesus Christ and not have a desire for material things Nietzsche believed that this is only taught to the poor in order to manipulate them to accept their station in life if people are taught to feel shame for feeling envious of others and desiring more they may not try to achieve a higher status therefore if they're happy with less they won't cause a revolution against their governments in order to demand more Nietzsche tells us to embrace our own selfish desires and that the rules of society are something that need to be overcome in order to get to the real truth of our lives Nietzsche believed that every individual person should be in the process of zelfs Stobo Bing dong or self overcoming if we are envious of someone else this is just a sign of what we we need in order to become our true selves for example if you feel envious of guys who look muscular it's a sign that you should go to the gym if you're jealous if someone who is rich you should find a job that makes more money etc etc everyone has their own dream and if we refuse to acknowledge these desires we're only going to make ourselves miserable and even if we fail to achieve these goals at least we have the satisfaction of knowing we tried Nietzsche said that if someone has succeeded in overcoming obstacles while also accepting their failures with grace they have become an uber man short Superman he claims that every man should aspire to become like this he said that most people they're stuck in between their animal instincts and the ubermensch and there is a constant struggle between the two impulses he was one of the first people to come up with the concepts that ignorance is bliss and that it's easy to be happy as a human if you just accept the status quo he admits that the quest for knowledge and to become the ubermensch might make him miserable along the way but it was a life that he chose to pursue nonetheless many people have read of this concept of uber mentioned misinterpreted it as to mean the ability to become someone who is superior to the rest of humanity others like the Nazis would see this as proof that certain races were more civilized and therefore more human than others now just before we get into his personal life and his death as well as his legacy I do want to take a moment to thank the people who make this video possible and that's brilliance now I know mid-roll ads they're not great further video here but these videos are long so I sure hope you appreciate our need to have some sponsors in order to make them possible they're quite expensive to make now brilliance are a learning platform which teaches through something called an active learning now like Nietzsche said we should all question things and the best way to do that is with a solid understanding of the principles of well anything and if you want to learn the principles of science and beyond then that's where brilliant comes in I don't know if you've ever sat down with you know some scientific textbook and going through it you're reading it and then you end up reading the same page six times over and over again you still don't really understand what I'm there going on about you're just not taking it in well that's something called passive learning and brilliant they're not about that at all brilliant solves this problem with active learning they give you something super short to read it's usually just a few lines and then you immediately apply it to a problem so you really have to be engaged you just rinse and repeat that and suddenly through a few little problems you are understanding stuff that you didn't think you would be I've used brilliance and I think you should go try it out just to see how fascinating it is and how quickly you can grasp the complex subject you can support by graphics they're going to brilliant org /pi graphics and now let's get back to me chat even though friedrich nietzsche is a household name today his work would not be translated into other languages until the 1890s and by that point he was already too sick to enjoy his new popularity so while his philosophy was well known in germany he wasn't exactly becoming rich and famous in fact his philosophy made him very unpopular and it ruined his friendship with Richard Wagner Wagner indeed thought that Nietzsche had gone mad nature decided to isolate himself in the Swiss Alps where he could spend a lot of time in nature he often went on long walks thinking of nothing but philosophy only to go home and write his ideas down ready for his next book he wrote several volumes of his ideas and sometimes he got letters in the mail from fellow philosophers and people who wanted to be as friends he met a psychoanalyst named Lugh andreas salami when she read Nietzsche's well actually felt that his philosophy perfectly aligned with everything she had already been thinking she was only twenty years old at that time but nature considered her to be his protege Lew was also trying to challenge the norms of society by experimenting to see if men and women can truly be friends without sex getting in the way of a relationship in 1882 Nietzsche decided to go on a year-long vacation to Italy with Lew Andres Salome and their mutual friends Paul ree-ree was also a philosopher the three friends wanted to buy an old monastery and start an academic community gather so that they could live in a society that was only filled with other like-minded intellectuals Friedrich Nietzsche he was excited since he hopes that he could finally have a group of friends who understood him but his family they were totally against the idea indeed his sister Elisabeth was always writing him letters telling him to stop trying to make a cult there was also a bit of a love triangle going on because Friedrich and Paul were both in love with Lou and they were competing to win her heart Paul proposed to her first but she rejected him saying that she liked him enough for them to live together but more like brother and sister she claimed that sex got in the way of thinking clearly and she used Nietzsche's own philosophy saying that society demands that women get married that she personally wished to remain celibate and focus on academic work even though he agreed to be friends Friedrich Nietzsche was still only human and the more he got to know her the more he was falling in love after all Lou seemed to be the only woman on the planet who completely understood his life's work if but she put him in the friendzone just like Paul Reve in her defense Nisha did have syphilis and marrying him would have meant that she would have contracted the disease as well but she continued to live with him flirting teasing and leading him on he remained hopeful that she would eventually come around and he proposed to her two more times no amounts of intellectual reasoning could overcome his human desire in this situation it became what you do uncomfortable for the three of them his dream of starting a comm unit never happened and Lou and Paul rode away on their horse-drawn carriage leaving Friedrich behind it's probably best that he got out of that situation though because she later broke up with Paul Ryan's married a man named Friedrich Karl Andreas they apparently remained celibate throughout the entire course of their marriage she actually did have sexual affairs though which is probably just a little bit hypocritical she also had an emotional affair with none other than Sigmund Freud it turns out that this was all one big experimenter and in 1910 she published a book called the erotic where we learned that she spent most of her life trying to analyze and document the differences between men and women when it came to sex the relationship with Lu Andres Salim a completely traumatized Friedrich Nietzsche and he never got married he often wrote about love and how it can make the most logical person feel like they're going crazy instead of writing about his own life though Nietzsche expressed his feelings in a book called thus Spoke Zarathustra this is about a man who isolates himself in the mountains and finds all of the wisdom in the world but he can't find any disciples to listen to or follow him he then becomes the loneliest man in the world since he was rejecting Christianity Nietzsche knew that mankind needed some sort of moral compass to live by therefore he wrote Beyond Good and Evil and addressed all of the issues of what makes something good or bad in 1888 he could feel his mind and his body betraying him his last book was called the Antichrist where he expressed his transvaluation of all values where he was trying to come up with a set of rules for morality that could replace Christianity he saw himself as a martyr who was making a sacrifice for the human race in 1889 he was only 44 years old and he had a nervous breakdown he was triggered into hysteria when he was walking in the streets of Turin in Italy he saw a man beating a horse with a whip and he ran to the horse hugged its neck to protect it and he was sobbing and saying I understand you his landlord David Fino had to usher in out of the street and get him back to his room he spent the next two days laying on a couch in a catatonic state so FINA arranged for him to get home to Basel in Germany even though they'd had a falling-out Richard Wagner and his wife they were still his true friends they were the ones who got him help and got him into a mental hospital during one of the last moments where he was responsive he started to sketch a picture of a man and a woman hugging one another in a long embrace before he slipped into a permanent catatonic state it was almost as if he was trying to say that all of his philosophical work was nothing without someone to share it with and that at the end of his life love was the one thing that he truly wanted more than anything else the Oscars all he was diagnosed with paralytic dementia which was a direct result of his battle with syphilis which had gone on for over 20 years but many people also believed that the pressure he put on himself to find the answer to morality without God and to unravel the inner workings of the human condition is what ultimately made him go see he slipped into madness and was unresponsive when people tried to speak to him he eventually died in the year 1900 soon after his death Friedrich Nietzsche's work was being translated into multiple languages and it began to inspire people everywhere however many people would read his work and completely misinterpret what he was trying to say even his sister Elizabeth who was a pseudo Nazi later republished a second edition of his books she rewrote certain sections of his works to glorify the German race as being superior to the rest of the world because of this nature has been blamed for starting not just one but two world wars before World War one even priests were preaching Nietzsche's philosophy at their pulpits relating it to their own countries this caused a great deal of national pride especially in Germany Adolf Hitler he became a fan of neat Sharon's he took this as a sign that the Germans were far more evolved than the rest of the human race during the rise of the Third Reich in the 1930s fascists often quoted Nietzsche especially with his idea of the ubermensch they wanted to make an entire race of supermen Nietzsche sister welcomed out of Hitler to the museum where they posed together for a photograph next to the bust of Friedrich Nietzsche even today many critics of Nietzsche's work consider his books to be too dangerous for young people to read since his main philosophy is to question everything this can often manifest in acts of rebellion in teenagers after all if they question their teachers parents and governments they are more likely to lash out indeed in 1924 this happened in the case of Leopold and Loeb they were two college students in Chicago who thought they were smarter than everyone else and that they were the example of the ubermensch that Nietzsche was writing about they believed that they could commit the perfect crime so they murdered a 14 year old boy their defense lawyer cited Nietzsche is the reason why they committed the murder and yes it's a ridiculous excuse because plenty of people read Nietzsche and they don't become serial killers but the jury they bought it and those two young men got away with murder because the jury considered Nietzsche's philosophy to be just that dangerous despite his criticisms civilization of the 20th and 21st century has been completely changed by Nietzsche's teachings and they continue to change things to this very day now it's very normal to think critically and question the world around us and it's often the basis of a liberal arts education as for those of us who do not go to church we tend to learn about right and wrong from what we see on TV and in the movies whether we realize it or not we are living in a very nietzsche a squirrel's it's just a shame that he didn't live to see it so I really hope you enjoyed the video if you did please do give us a thumbs up below also don't forget to subscribe to this channel and check out a brilliant link below and as always thank you for watching

45 thoughts on “Friedrich Nietzsche Biography: The Übermensch

  1. Ur interpretation is ur version of what he said, and it can be interpret it also in propagating greed, there is no universal truth but human creates a virtues, diffrenciate whats good or bad for humanity, do you think if good and bad is not applied before you can be born now? I doubt it. Even now its hard to restore peace what more before? So my logic has diffrent interpretation than what u said about his phylosophy. This kind of idealogy is dangerous to mix and walk among society. In a snap they can just stab u and walk away like its not bad.

  2. Nietzsche was nothing more then a bitter narcissist, who spent his entire life feeling sorry for himself. He was supposedly so madly in love, but knew he had Syphilis. Even though he knew sex with him would lead to her going insane and then a grisly death, it didn’t stop him from expecting her to happily choose that as her fate. It’s no wonder his “philosophy” led to the most base, evil individuals in history.

  3. Although I enjoy your biographics, you really failed with this one. The amount of mistakes is outstanding. No mention of Schopenhauer which is an atrocious omission. I suggest you read Safranski's book "Nietzsche" which is a quite good biography. I'm sorry, but this is an awful biography

  4. All for this lunacy called love, this madness temper that strikes down both beger and king!.. -Merlin, Excalibur

  5. After Nietzche (sic) not really being known till much later. And considering his mind being ravaged by syphilis, it's surprising his ideas took root. But it just made me rhink who now will be famous later? It seems there are no individual accomplishments such as Einstein's. Everything is by commitee and thus watered down from true creative impulse. I imagined Simon being the subject of an episode of Biopic hosted by amother. He is a part of a team with authors and producers behind him making esch episode expensive to produce, thus watering down the rewards.

  6. Love the channel but I have some problems with this one.

    -Nietzsche never considered himself or aspired to be the overmen. He didn't even think it was possible for men alive today to become overman. Man was the bridge to the overman.

    -It's not a certainty he has syphilis.

    -Really should have touched on ressentiment and master/slave morality.

    -You're right about the "God is dead" quote, though.

  7. please, do not just use a, o, u or B instead of ä, ö, ü or (scharfes S, which i can not type on my swiss keyboard). use ae, oe, ue or ss (suck it, germans)

  8. Narrator reminds me of bottom tooth on family Guy and takes short breath like robo studder and sneaked a commercial type of plug not includes YouTubes

  9. If there’s no absolute truth, then I don’t know if this video is true or not. 😅
    Anyways, I love the way you break down people’s history with great interesting facts. Keep it up! Thank you!

  10. One mistake you have made BTW, he did NOT contract Syphillis but instead had a slowly consuming brain tumour. This has been found and confirmed for a good few years.

  11. Hey Simon, great vid. But what's with the Leopold & Loeb case? They didn't got away with murder, they were convicted…

    Great movies on that subject: Compulsion (1959) or Hitchcock's remake of event in Rope (1948).

  12. That woman rocks. She friendzoned Nietzsche, married but didn't have sex , got emotional with Freud and it turned out to be an experiment AND wrote a book about all of this.

  13. Is this a joke?! No seriously though, is this a Satyr? Otherwise it is literally the shittiest bio of Nietzsche I've ever seen. Almost everything is wrong and I'm not even half way through. Horrible.

    Seriously, I'm not trying to be harsh, but its painstakingly difficult to watch. I even try to give you the benefit of the doubt and keep pausing and fact checking against all my previous knowledge of my studies and my studies of experts of Nietzsche to see if there is any kernel of truth in what your saying and after many additional sources I come to the same conclusion that this is nonsense. Where is your information coming from, seriously?

  14. Huh, now that you brought her up and I read a bit about her, I'd love to see a Biographics of Lou Andreas-Salomé. Fascinating person.

  15. can you make a video of the un-philosopher albert camus , like why his life was so different from other philosophers

  16. Nietzsche always looks like an eccentric nut job with crazed eyes in all of his pictures. And that's because he was an eccentric nut ball with crazed eyes haha. He may be my favorite mad genius of all time.

  17. I really like this video, like always you made the incredible video with a lot of information. I really like the narrative of the video and the flow of information.

  18. Leopold and Lobe pleaded guilty and their sentence was decided by a judge after Darrow appealed to him based on mostly their youth- a jury was never involved and in fact Darrow pleaded the guilty because he felt a jury would recommend the death penalty.

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