5 Sacred Texts & Writings -prelim Islam Overview



hi and welcome to video 5 the sacred texts and writings the importance of the Quran and hadith for prelim studies her religion and the religious tradition Islam the syllabus is straightforward we need to identify the points of the Quran and the hadith and then examine extracts about these for the demonstrated the principal beliefs of Islam the Quran is a fundamental text for all Muslims contains a revelation of Allah is complete and unaltered as revealed to the final prophet Muhammad it began in the first revelation on the night of power and continued over many many occasions and it took some 20 years to complete the Quran as it was revealed to Muhammad over that time the crown is organized into chapters and chapters are called Saurus and there's 114 surahs the orders in according to an instruction given to the Prophet Muhammad later in his life so surah one is not necessarily the first revelation so to speak as revealed through the angel Gabriel so it was arranged at a later date as he was instructed – it sure does have a name and that's linked to a feature or word contained you know now the Quran was revealed to Muhammad and Muhammad was an illiterate person at the time has were most people he committed the Quran to memory or the revelations as they were given to him and they were recited at first and they were not written down and organized until a much later date so he had to commit the Quran term memory and it was through the recitation and the way he shared this with his family friends and followers that the word of God was revealed Muslims believe that dear the Quran read aloud is a blessing and it's more recitation of the word of God it is usually recited out loud and it's the revelation and access to the the pure form of God's own words is written in the Koran that is quite significant for Muslims and they are encouraged to read it aloud and there's certain protocols and ways to read the Koran for example there's a cleansing process beforehand a Hafiz for the Quran is that obviously during the life of the Prophet Muhammad many MS companions as well also committed the entire Quran to memory now if this happens today it's obviously a significant and special event and certainly that person was greatly honored in the Muslim community to memorize the Quran word-for-word and there cannot be any difference as it is a revealed Word of God it has to be perfect now after the death of many who is in a battle and misses of course happened after the death of Muhammad the first of the four rightly guided caliphs over the car realized that the revealed Word of God and the Quran they actually had to put it down and start to write it down but of course that was a significant decision to make to actually have a written version of the Quran and it had to be written in a form that there was no changes at all because that's key because as it's a revealed Word of God there can be no alteration of what was said or revealed to Muhammad nothing or is removed added and of course the author was exactly the same and that was just another example of the complete acceptance that this was the word of our and then they duly recorded into text and that was a key requirement of writing it down you'll often see examples of the Quran written beautifully in the form of our calligraphy and because it is a sacred text and writing it's an honor to actually copy the Quran and the person doing this would just do this as beautifully as possible and in for as a form of reverence and respect for this not for really the Quran itself but because I being the Word of God or a low-down and that's why so many of the Qurans I certainly looked full of beautiful calligraphy when you see it and of course it Quran should be recited in Arabic now the Quran is the supreme authority it's prominent in every aspect of Muslims life the authority within the Quran is supreme and unquestioned it is regarded as a holy book and it must be treated with the greatest respect that's from where it's placed in the house of a place of significance it's how it's looked after when people are not around it can't get dust on it for example should be in a place where it's respected so can't be placed on the ground it should be not touched and necessarily at the start of a recitation of the Quran soften place and a low still known as a curse II as part of the start called the prayer or the recitation obviously people must remain silent there's no food or drink consumed during the reading and beforehand a person must bathe wash carefully but that's a significant symbolic practice but it's also within the mind that they must be properly disposed of with appropriate attitude so like that sacred text and writing and on the Crone's placed and held very respectfully usually an elevated position that's just to avoid that nothing else in place on top of it and a covering so that it doesn't gather dust for example and things like that the message of the crowd is very clearance unmistakable it announces key things like the day of judgement the happiness for the faithful on the day of judgment and of course evil ones based on their own choices will experience the harshness of eternal separation from Allah it promotes monotheism certainly among those who I condemned are the people that do not embrace the key principle of one true God the concept of taraweeh and certainly the throne includes statements and that emphasize looking after each other the importance of social justice and the code of moral living it respects the previous prophets from Muhammad the biblical prophets such as ibraheem moosa and essa and harshly condemns the people that reject or oppose those works of course the prophet mohammed is regarded by muslims to be the last and greatest of the prophets and while that's the recognition they still recognize the importance of other key and sacred texts such as the torah the Psalms and the Gospels but the fact remains that some things were maybe lost in human transmission of those texts through the prophets and the corona selasa final text that is a true revealed Word of God different to the Kurama is the hadith now the hadith means what's been recounted or told and it's a collection of tradition traditions or the words and deeds of Muhammad so we have the Quran that is the revealed Word of God through the angel Gabriel to Muhammad but this is what Muhammad did the word did the day-to-day things that Muhammad did in his life these traditions emerged after the death of Muhammad the highly respected and their but they are viewed separately and they are considered second to the Quran many of the traditions were followed after his death there were many false ones that had to be verified and certainly some of these traditions were promoted through his wife such as a year at the time this prophetic hadith and those are sacred Hadees favorite ADIZ so the most important they believe my many Muslims too not only a real tradition of the Prophet Muhammad but also to combine something about the nature of Allah so an example would be the way that Muhammad would look after the poor or the authors and in the Quran you would see a revelation or something to that point around how that aspect so he was actually living out what was revealed in the Quran hadith Qudsi regarded his words from Allah and they were communicated to Muhammad that they passed on in the words of the Prophet rather than exactly as i received from power the sayings of Muhammad shown to be a man of great wisdom character compassion and mercy now he's a significant model for Muslims because of not only was he had the words revealed to him from God in the Quran but through his actions and things that he said indeed so he entrusted his whole faith into the will of Allah and submitted his whole life to the will of Allah and because of this he is a great model for other Muslims and many of his actions like through the Hadees I even though they're second to the Quran people can use them as examples on things they should be able to do as well there were many hadith after his death these were often called traditions and began to circulate and they gathered into collections and they started the basis of the hadith certainly early on there are two scholars in particular that put them together and even then there were like five six seven thousand ADIZ that they had to go back through and look at and verify which ones are real the only a small proportion of them could be genuine or they may have started out as a real thief or action of Muhammad but they ended up being false or dubious over time so certainly when these actions were around they undermined the confidence of the traditions in the Prophet Muhammad as a source of Islamic teaching so that people had to go back and verify what's a true hadith the process of authentication of Adi has actually has to occur and the line of transmission is known as a chain so they had to check the chain of transmission where did it come from who practice it who said it and in confirming the validity of its origins and the integrity of that is key of course even a true hadith it's easy to have something misunderstood or miss said as they transmitted from scholars and so the check we had to very carefully gauge the reliability of the hadith in question and as said previously there were tens of thousands of them and and that's certainly a very big job so a cautious approach was always taken in checking the hadith to avoid inadvertently falsifying the prophets words hadith a used by Muslims their invaluable for the whole communities and usually they're looked at to address an issue which is not explicitly covered by the Quran the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad can prove to be a very useful substitute where it's not directly related to the Quran however Muslims do not regard the hadith as sacred only the Quran is sacred in a simple way to look at that is there's considerable difference of course between in the words of human being no matter how sublime or complete or comparing that to the word of Allah as found in the Quran

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