2018 National Cowboy Poetry Gathering Keynote Address



when them little iPads between the kids and my wife she says really you should yeah it would really make your right knee Zhi er so she bought me one of those great Big Macs and put it on the table have one of them things for that mouse would run and I kept running that mouse off the screen I could never find it again I just it scared you know I could do a snort and kick at it from then on and about two years later she brought me one of these but I finally did it enough to where I could type a little bit and you know I liked it and now I can email which which I didn't realize it would ever be that handy and if I'm writing a song with a friend I can send him lyrics and he can send me back the tunes on it you know just send me back if we can work on songs out of way it's just been a lot of fun I'd have never thought I would like something like that I do now I really crowd to confess that you a long time I thought that my grandparents had seen the most dramatic changes that any generation of humans would ever get to see they they were born in the days of the horse and buggy and they live long enough to see men walking on the moon but I tell you lately I'm not so sure that that's the case when you think about computers and email and iPods and smartphones and social media there's all these changes that just keep coming down the road at at us and the pace seems to be picking up more all the time change can be hard for lots of folks myself included the challenge is to figure out what it is that we value most about the past and and what we value most about the present and and what things about the way we were we're living now might be useful to change a little bit to help us adapt to this ever-changing world I'm Gayle Steiger and speaking of change this is the Western Folklife Center's new executive director Kristin Wynn Bigler [Applause] Kristen Kristen comes to us from branch in and timber country in Humboldt County California and before she got to Elko she was the director of the Ted translators program for the TED conferences and the TED Talks she's been coming to this gathering for almost 20 years as an artist and she most recently served as the vice chair of the Western folk life centers board of trustees thanks Gail before we get too far ahead I want to make sure that we thank Nevada humanities for making this keynote session possible and then I want to say how excited I am to be here I am just so thrilled to be provided the opportunity to play a role in shaping the future of an organization that has had such a profound effect on my own life my career up until this point has been spent mostly at the intersection of media and technology but it's also been spent with a foot in two very different worlds for the nine years that I was at Ted I tell it commuted to New York City and places all over the world from my home in little Blacksburg California just ten miles from the place where I grew up one of the things that originally drew me to the gathering was that I saw this recognition or elevation of what I saw is my own culture but I also saw this recognition of the power of self-expression to shape the communities where we live us rural people we often feel misunderstood by the rest of the world but we also we have the power to remedy that ourselves by finding the courage to share about our own lives and perhaps create more understanding I have so much admiration for the folks who are about to take the stage and talk to you today I hope that you will join us in welcoming each of them warmly thank you Christian our first speaker [Applause] our first speaker is Rancher and commercial pilot Erik tree when Erik and his extended family asked themselves what was most important to them about the ranch that had been in their family for several generations they realized that there were a whole bunch of things that were way more important to them than just dollars and cents they realized that it would be really worthwhile to embrace change in order to preserve something that they all loved and they came up with some really creative solutions to keep their ranch in there in their family and intact and productive for hopefully many generations to come I was raised on what I thought was my dad's ranch my grandparents Besant Steve Craig senior bought our New Mexico ranch 100 years ago in 1918 my grandfather died before I was born and voila and my grandmother died I was in high school so as far as I knew dad owned it but of course my dad's two sisters owned the ranch as well and when my aunt's and my dad passed the ranch would have been owned by the seven of us and the third generation from their ownership would be spread amongst the next generations let's see I went too fast with rising land prices the land is worth more money if it's sold that the money it could generate how long would it be before family members would want to sell their share most of us in the third generation had developed our own lives away from the ranch but how could we put a price on owning such a vast piece of land that is so remote there's no cell phone service and the stars are brighter than you have ever imagined so when my brother Steve the third Steve trig said that he didn't want a part of the ranch he wanted the whole thing we started a conversation all of us in the third generation decided we wanted to keep the ranch together and so in the late 90s with dad's blessing we'd started to investigate how we could do just that the third generation decided what we wanted the ranch to stay as a single ranch for it to be able to equally by all triggers all ranch profits should go back into the ranch and if not then to charity and for it not to be sold unless 85 percent of the heirs agreed and a trig descendant if possible would manage the ranch my sister Sally a lawyer set out to find an estate lawyer to help set up our vision she interviewed many before she found one in Albuquerque that was willing and in fact enthused about our project even though the ranch is in New Mexico we set up a South Dakota trust because South Dakota has no rule against perpetuity in other words the ranch could last forever our accountant was sure that we were all crazy after years of gifting our shares of the ranch through the best Steve and best trig trust the trust now owns the ranch and the descendents own the trust and it can't be sold unless 85 percent of the heirs agreed to do so my dad Steve Trigg jr. ran the ranch for most of his adult life dad was honest kind generous and well respected he supported dodge and Ford the pet magazine industry and he taught us all how to drive trucks tractors and airplanes and he spoke with a language most colorful some years ago a neighbor Jim Payne told me he and a visiting friend met dad driving along the road they stopped and had a brief conversation upon continuing their drive Jim's friend commented that dad must be the most religious man that he had ever met somewhat taken aback Jim asked how'd you figure that his friend replied well dad use God's name to punctuate every sentence but dad didn't share his decisions plans or finances with any of us when he died in 2002 none of us really knew what shape the ranch was in most of the dad has almost doubled the size of the ranch in the 50s after much of the ranch had been lost and sold from the 20s through the Great Depression so he'd done a great job of adding land but the land was now over stocked and land degraded and we didn't know how many cattle he had dad hadn't known either years earlier when the accountant pressured him for the number of cattle he had dad showed up in her office with six feet of aerial photo and he said you can and they're all there fortunately for us dad hated to spend money when he died we are all relieved to find the ranch was debt-free and there was even some money in the bank my sister Kristin and brother-in-law Rick had lived on the ranches ranch and since the early 80s so if dad's passing the first thing we did was to appoint Kristin as the ranch manager overnight she went from ranch and with no authority to the boss it was very stressful for her one of Kristin's early goals was to rid the ranch of 30 years of neglected wild feral cattle the ranch is 50,000 acres lying a very remote and rugged part of New Mexico a dirt road named Trigg Road traverses the land and spans 51 miles from Logan to Mascaro the two classes closest towns until I was in high school Mascaro 17 miles away was the closest telephone and pastures averaged over 6000 acres since grandfather Steve senior first bought the first herd of cattle from the XIT ranch in Texas in 1917 many of the descendants of those cattle had lived their entire lives and the same pasture avoiding the biennial gathers and becoming and begetting wild cattle while the cattle we could gather had a good reputation with our cattle buyers they also had a reputation for being somewhat wild and of course those were the tame ones the wild ones would bolt and hide it even the slightest hint of human so catching them wasn't easy it took over ten years of trickery gathering roping helicopter gathering and finally just shooting the last ones out of a helicopter we there may still be a few left the worst over 1,200 were hauled to the sale ring Kristin had about 600 cows left to work with we began the journey from casual ranch a casual observer to ranch runner owner/operator we developed a mission statement to operate the treat ranch in a manner that is socially or economically financially and socially sustainable so that all Steve and best trig descendants may enjoy the lands gifts and to manage our lands to be healthy diverse productive and naturally beautiful so that we Triggs may and the words of buck rams in his form anthem ever live in peace with her and dying come to rest with her excuse me and we take our responsibility as caretakers of the land seriously we are striving to improve the soil biology mineral cycling and water retention Allan savory teaches us that we can use our cattle to actually improve the land's health the main way we do this is by concentrated rotational grazing but rotational grazing is easier said than done especially with six thousand acre pastures the first thing you have to have a smaller pastures in each pasture has to have water and lots of it to that end Kristin her daughter Kaitlin his sister Sally take advantage of any federal state local government and private programs that provide monetary assistance as well as training and technical assistance without these programs we've never been able to broke make the progress that we've had we've built miles and miles of fences to reduce the pasture size we've installed water systems to feed cattle drinkers we sprayed mesquite we've masticated juniper trees we've learned to water harvest water from roads and reduce and even repair erosion and now Kristin builds a pretty mean rolling dip in the ranch roads with her cat front-end loader we monitor the land for health in 2003 Jim hal and educator from Allan savory's ranch management course that Christina Ricci tended came out to show us how to set up monitoring transects and monitor the land health we learned about litter and how to evaluate the land in detail since then every fall cousin Linda and her husband John some dedicated friends Kristin Caitlin and Sally spend a week examining the 12 transects spread throughout the ranch in 2003 a private carbon credit exchange was set up in the US were business that emits a large amount of carbon might by offset carbon credits from a business that reduces carbon emissions if the ranch could show that it was managing its lands a store additional carbon and its rangeland soils it could sell carbon credits on this exchange as a direct result of our ranch management and land monitoring practice we were the only ranch in New Mexico and one of the few in the United States that actually sold carbon credits through that exchange this sale netted the ranch enough to buy a brand new f250 diesel crew cab with all the bells and whistles with enough left over to buy a 72-ounce steak at the big texan in the inner element and now we know how many cattle we have we learned bud williams low stress cattle handling techniques and now we can push the cattle from one pasture to another on foot a four-wheeler or a feed truck with no problem and we keep the family involved one way we do this is our annual family work week one week every summer we gather as many family and friends as we can for a big project it started in 1998 specifically to restore grandma Beth's Trigg or NHANES we call her to restore Donna's house this was a great interest not only because of the sentimental value of the house but it took pluck to provide a place for the Trigg clan to stay when we visit the house was seriously degraded from years of neglect there's very little running water from the nearby spring the piano was in serious jeopardy of falling through the living-room floor and the windows were falling apart in the guest house bathroom was not only unusable but there are literally two inches of mostly dead daddy-longlegs spiders in the bottom so the first 12 years of work weeks were spent fixing up the old rock house now Nana's house is a beautiful place to stay with a modern kitchen since then we've concentrated work weeks on my dad's house after a few years of working on a cowboy bunk house for sister Sally in a house for a nice Kaitlyn after working hard during the day we relaxed with a beverage and visit and eat this has been a great way to get to know each other and it gives her everyone involved a sense of belonging to the ranch and of course one of the greatest legacies of ranching and ranch life is working with and branding cattle Kristin recruits family and friends for hard work in the spring and fall to help gather and brand the new calves the kids start out young vaccinating and ear tagging and moving on to flanking as they get a little bit bigger Kristin brands Shawn loves to heal and Caitlin cuts a year ago we had a local policeman help brand and after he watched Caitlin castrate about 50 cows he looked at our 50/50 calves he looked at her and he said I will never look at you the same way again so can the family ranch last more than a few generations we believe that our perpetual trust solved the diluting ownership and financial burdens and our management emphasis has changed we've come to realize that we are not primarily a cattle ranch what we really are is a grass ranch it isn't cattle we raise its grass now more than 40 species we just use cattle to get our grass to market and so [Applause] and so with our trust in place and the family involved we hope the Steve tree Ranch will stand the test of time thank you thank you Eric so I have to tell you when we were planning this session we had a lot of fun envisioning different scenarios that we could illustrate to you how Waddy deals with change so I parred was the first one and that was shot for us by Kiera Thornton the second one is that we asked pip Gillette to perform yd song trade-off which I admit is one of my favorites pip lives and works on the family ranch near Lovelady Texas where his grandfather started raising cattle in cotton in 1912 he draws on a lifelong interest in Western history and music and plays traditional cowboy music on guitar banjo harmonica and bones Pip and his late brother guy received the 2013 Western Heritage Award for outstanding original western composition for their performance of the song we're about to hear [Applause] see him standing shift and haunches at the Elko County Fair with an armored braided rawhide Gary made his collier sits beside him there a bright and light repair their dues his buckaroos have long been paid and his common hopes to sell some stuff or trade for great patience fair his passions 30 years of air about now as for his high and builds a dapple gray caring little for pop culture all the things he lives without the outside world's a century away and the life he lives is keeping it that way oh he's still sleeping in his teepee in his bed bowl on the ground and a day away from cattle play is strange for his courses set by horses and their trots don't lead to town he found both his wealth and self out on he's about the rule and he don't wanna change or like him have come this weekend seller rating Labor Day but evolutions claiming many of his kind like their hoof prints they are eroding with the passing of each day leaving proof of their existence are defined and a path to their survival undefined have they overstayed their welcome is their time in jeopardy have the reason to hang on and persevere who this still so something walkies have they built a legacy or will their way a life just disappear and will anyone remember they were here or he's still sleeping in his teepee in his bed rolled on the ground wearing thin his pants and options every day and his long since quit his griping as he here exacts its pound he changed nothing one iota anyway and that's a heap more than the most of us can say oh he's still sleeping in his teepee in his bed ball on the ground and a day away from cattle plays strange or his bosses set by horses and their charts don't lead to town he bambo his wealth and self out on the range he's about the rule he don't want change he's a buckaroo when he ain't gone not a great song our next speaker Emily Nielsen is a fourth-generation elko native and believe it or not she came to the very first cowboy poetry gathering here in 1984 when she was 9 years old she said that was the first time she kind of got her eyes opened just how important poetry and music can be to a community today she teaches high school and when we asked her to tell us what it what it was she did you know to describe her work she says oh boy can we just say that I'm an outside the textbook English teacher she says that she's been a professional learner for 17 years and she's been taught by some of the best people in the community her students when the Western Folklife Center first pitched the idea of bringing poets and reciters into high school classrooms there was a little bit of trepidation about that whole idea but Emily's going to tell us about that experiment about what happened when she and and teacher and longtime member of the Western Folklife Center family Kelly moon introduced Joel Nelson and Randy Raymond and Paul's our sis key to hundreds of high school students I am NOT a poet I am standing here on the stage at the cowboy poetry gathering and I'm not going to recite a poem and if you're lucky I won't sing a cowboy song I am NOT a poet but I love poetry I am an English teacher at Elko High School I am NOT a poet but I teach poetry and I love poetry and I have seen firsthand how poetry can change the lives of my students I would love for you to leave here today with an understanding of how poetry connects us all teachers teenagers poets and poetry lovers I'd like to take you on a journey of my experience teaching poetry it begins as many teachers stories begin with a student her name is Kim and ten years ago she was a surly 16 year old who I had to somehow convince to compete in a national poetry recitation competition called poetry outloud we'll imagine the conversation trying to convince a teenage girl that she needs and wants to memorize three poems by Emily Dickinson or Langston Hughes or Robert Frost most of my students have never heard of these people well in all honesty the conversation with Kim was short it went something like this Kim I'd like you to compete in a poetry competition Kim's response why would I compete in poetry I hate poetry my conclusion let's do it anyway well Kim dragged her feet through memorizing three poems and that year she placed third in Reno at the state Poetry Out Loud competition it was enough to get us both hooked the last time I saw Kim she stomped into my classroom after she had graduated and she said mrs. Nielson I hate how you got me into poetry now I spend all my money on poetry bucks well what more could an English teacher ask for but it got me thinking what does poetry mean to teenagers and how it Poetry Out Loud converted a self-professed poetry hater into a lover of poetry if it is our goal to teach students how to love poetry then teaching it out of a textbook is doomed for failure analyzing the rhyme scheme searching for the cursive D H M that's deep hidden meaning according to poet Paul's arse iski how could anybody learn to love poetry in such a way well with these questions on my mind my good friend and colleague Kelly moon and I continue to work with students and prepare them for competition we've had many successes much like my success with Kym and then five years ago we were thrown another opportunity an opportunity that created an unexpected friendship between Poetry Out Loud and cowboy poetry as it turns out randy riemann cowboy poet extraordinaire is also a judge for the Montana State Poetry Out Loud competitions he reached out to Kelly and to me and asked if he could work with our students and prepare them in the art of poetry recitation well how could we refuse Joel Nelson who has a poem that was picked for Poetry Out Loud joined us along with Paul's Ursus key who doesn't just have a way with words he's an inspirational teacher well fast forward five years and the reputation of working with the cowboy poets has spread the students now ask us if they can participate in Randy Joel and Paul's workshops as instructors we have learned to teach the art of making poetry personal and then once that's accomplished performing it on stage lights glaring and judges watching how my students get up the nerve to do this is still kind of a mystery to me I never would have had the courage to do what they do when I was their age but I recognize that it is the poetry that empowers them in fact I believe there are three vital elements to making this poetry magic year after year and the first is memorizing or writing the poetry when my students go through this process of memorization and craft they take ownership of the poetry and it becomes a part of them in one workshop with Randy and Joel one of my students hadn't quite understood what her poem meant to her Randy's response was eloquent he said there's some grit in this poem and there's some grit in you for picking it the lesson was clear to understand poetry you must understand yourself and perhaps grit is the word to describe all of my team performers and writers and lovers of poetry Paul's ours this key also works with my students but his workshop differs from Randy and Joel's his focus isn't on the recitation of poetry but on teaching my students how to write poetry in one of his workshops he shared a bit of wisdom with the students that I think we can all appreciate he said your life is the masterpiece and your story is worthy of poetry and then he added and whatever you do don't make it boring my students are lucky I am lucky for how many teachers can say that they bring this kind of talent and wisdom to their students year after year living in a small town it's deceiving people think you have to go to the big city to get this calibre of culture but they're wrong culture comes to those who seek it and they're especially wrong when it comes to Elko Nevada but with cowboy poetry poetry out loud and all of you here in northeastern Nevada people come from all across the world and for what poetry music shared community we know how important this is and my students are beginning to understand too don't get me wrong when I first pitched the idea of working with the cowboy poets my students coughed cowboy poetry was something that they had done in their elementary days loading onto buses and field tripping into the cowboy bar they thought they had outgrown the experience but that all changed the day Poetry Out Loud met Randy riemann and joel nelson and my student writers laid down their lines for Paul's ARS iski which takes us to the second vital element of making this poetry magic sharing poetry when we share poetry out loud a community of poetry is built it's what brought all of us together and it brings my students together too they connect to each other and they connect to their world you got this [Laughter] two years ago Michaela another of my students has an opportunity to share her love of poetry on the national stage she made it past the school competition she placed first at district's first at state and then she traveled to Washington DC with her family and adoring fans and there she competed in the National Poetry Out Loud competition she won an honorable mention in the semi-finals she also won thousands of dollars and an experience that has changed her life forever it doesn't seem to matter if the poetry is classical contemporary cowboy or homespun when we're a community the students get it and we have become quite the community Randi Joel Paul Kelly the students and I we are a posse of poetry lovers and that takes us to the end of my journey and my third and final element of making this poetry magic performing a poem I'd like to let you in on a secret when my students put themselves on the stage to recite a poem they are sharing more than a poem they are sharing their courage to be heard well Michaela now attends college in California but she was home for a visit and she came in to speak to my students she said you really want to get to districts because then you get to work with the cowboy poets well I am NOT a poet I teach poetry and I do love poetry and I have seen firsthand how poetry changes the lives of my students and I have had this amazing opportunity to show my students how to love poetry I know that this is just one legacy of cowboy poetry but it's huge and it's changing my students one poem at a time [Applause] come on and grab a theme in London and not so other main tonight nothing our my and having that number top in American American Lawyer Solomon know my record so with Hanuman be SMI the Mondavi Smee of it die Warrick Remini anyone that nap always the man wonder he could be how are you is money and did I want a consumer I had gnarly haha do a circle get to do more than their finger right now have an economy where they wanna go and thought I want omelet money he was only now insulin by we're gonna endorse with him Superman so we got Sakura shin-soo be less as I gain a sewer the stairs might think hey Bundy can are among our young gun or soon a that the Sakura so killed Soho Tina sucks okura yoko kanno why Tamara Berg are we hunger so we're gonna get you're not happy anybody been Samia could I even a canonicus ask my night nearest I wonder what is a summer I know how an economical Mobutu and given a Muslim Ottoman Allegra driver honor by the Oaxacan Amin incident happen now in Sony career second massacre in America he what sawara martha thomas lee misuk or aluminum new secretion and a nap and ambition in the Mandeville eggwin numerical and economy not sickness registry to Rodney Murray weaken the ivory well I'm horrible a condor kizomba you another I'm not going to either here at the end SME gonna lose you will married any warning you maybe they're nuber that he wander no any what he needed some time to miss Idaho but with the silica will see the Dean I am me he's and anyone can he did SMB had no water pity that no there's no heroin American lead in this movie season isn't it to the power and they consume is animun take another stance woman I can thundersnow illegal did he yeah Wharram and by Duncan on the water but also within some the commodity rated me says he's dealing one Herman I'm having this one way Mormon season duel runner massage so onion but I know where I go right he married any wonderfully cumin no worries anyone that you will oil see the baby and a the Vivian in memory came on at the goodness of my 90 [Applause] wasn't that fantastic that is a three-minute snippet from a longer 47 minute film made by Victoria Jackson about her father Al Jackson Victoria is a full-time student at Great Basin College and she is the 2014 and 2015 western states ranch rodeo association women's stair stopping champion you could also find her over at the great the Great Basin native market this week if you'd like to learn more about some of her ongoing projects so Nephi Craig is the nutritional recovery program coordinator at the rainbow treatment center chef Craig has worked across the United States and all around the world London Cologne Germany Sao Paulo Brazil and Osaka Japan he is also the executive chef at cafe ghoshal a Western Apache cafe and learning center on his ancestral homelands on the White Mountain Apache Tribe and northeastern Arizona [Applause] what is Native American cuisine why are there no Native American cuisine restaurants why haven't I heard of Native American cuisine these are the questions that I've been asked over and over and over for the past 20 years of my professional life as a chef and constantly I'm challenged to find the the answer the appropriate response given a certain scenario or situation my grandmother's my auntie's professional chefs – three Michelin star chefs have asked me that same question in some former fashion and all along the way from the very beginning the from the beginning of my cooking career – now that those questions have prompted investigations into many many other areas but ultimately the answer is very simple but at the same it is very complex gonna take us on a journey but before we start we've built this room together we want to start by acknowledging our ancestors wherever we come from wherever we might have laid down roots and built our families we want to acknowledge and honor the struggle of our ancestors and remember that no one person got here today on their own we all have had mentors in our lives encouraged us to move forward when we fail that cherished and helped us to see our failures as successes so that we can grow to encapsulate some of what I'm going to say and what I'm going to share after building the room together I want to share a term it's an important term that helps us to see this experience that I'm going to share with you in that term excuse me is ethno poetry this is not there you go ethanol poetry there are many different articulations for it it's an anthropology tool and it's an ethnographic tool but ultimately it means that it does not need to be in structured form it does not need to be explained and described as no poetry is an experience it's how we experience song storage storytelling language prayer ceremony whatever the experience is it's the poetry that's in motion that we feel and there's an individual in my life that I felt embodied that that term this man Vincent Craig my father a navajo singer and songwriter who stood in this very spot numerous times before I did this is an example of how we stand on the shoulders of giants and the legacy that we create is critical then Vincent Craig was a he created the first Navajo superhero he used Navajo language and culture to weave a tapestry of health and healing and recovery mutton men is right here he's his he was faster than the BIA able to leap ship rock in a single bound and he got his superpowers from eating uranium contaminated mutton in Shiprock enira near Church Rock New Mexico so so this character Vincent Craig would shape and form my experience as a native chef I could not see how that would happen until I became an adult myself and encountered failures and struggles here's Vincent with his dad my grandpa Bob at City Craig both the United States Marines Bob at City Craig was the Navajo code talker Bob at City Craig served on Guam Guadalcanal and was wounded on Iwo Jima he brought home the legacy of the what we call what we know now today is PTSD and brought that into our lives and my dad is an example of recovery and resurgence and all these amazing things so this is an example that of how I did not get here on my own that we are a continuation of our layer of our ancestors that the strength and courage and tenacity flows through our bloodlines there's me and my dad my dad would help me get over the fear of public speaking and I even know it this is a Montezuma Creek but more than all those great things Vincent Craig was simply my dad the way he was on stage was how he was at home kickin back sitting on the floor providing commentary for what he might see on the TV you know he he he embodied humility he embodied laughter and health and and and humor and all these great things this is a picture of him in our in in our home in White River Arizona he had the humility to raise us as Apaches even though he's Navajo because he was honoring the legacy of our matrilineal societies as White Mountain Apache because my mother is Apache that makes me Apache so he had that ability to tone down his ego and participate in life in that way this man has also helped me to shape and see what creative experiences can be for people I would watch all my life as Vincent would captivate crowds and take them on journeys through in place he would bring tears to the eyes of hundreds of people by channeling frequencies through his guitar by channeling frequencies through his his flute and to later on he started to play a little mandolin and for got into playing the keyboard so he was many many things and he inspired me to carry on tradition established legacy and promote the similar things with me and my son there's me and my son Ari and along the way why is there no Native American cuisine restaurants to help me understand it I needed a gentle understanding an intelligent one so that's how as no poetry comes into the the equation but why are there no Native American cuisine restaurants think California Gold Rush think Louisiana Purchase think manifest destiny these important benchmarks in American history have a single thread in common and that's that they leave out the indigenous experience it was a very different experience for us on the other side of these benchmarks foodways trade trade routes science technology language parenting all interrupted for the over the course of maybe 500 years so those are just a few examples of why we don't see Native American cuisine restaurants and that one question prompted all these other it opened up doorways to other fields one key term that we use now is ancestral knowledge and ancestral knowledge is very much like ethno poetry the simple act of harvesting acorns a traditional Apache practice is ethno pole is ethno poetic it does not need to be explained or why or how it is just what it is this is another example a dish called three sisters corn beans and squash all three work together from seed until we consume them corn lacks in two a couple of amino acids to form protein beans and squash provide those the corn provides a bean stock for the for the for the the beans to bear fruit squash protects the soil and prevents erosion retaining moisture and then all the way till they give back to us that's a evidence of a complete food source we take those that's one example of how we use ancestral knowledge in our community now because like I said it needs to be an intelligent resurgence a dignified resurgence of recovery so through cooking food agriculture land advocacy and our inner strength that we all carry we practice cooking we practice mentorship and be an inspired by our pre reservation Western Apache landscape the nutritional recovery department and wifer Arizona is what I would I had native foods were saying all along to do something special that there was something different about Native American cuisine and my interpretation that we will begin to share in our interpretation cuisine essentially means foods that represent the people if I wasn't wearing this chef coat you might see me very differently so it's what we think Western Apache cooking and cuisine will be built on is a priority of healing people of healing the landscape of reconnecting so that we can have an intelligent response to historical trauma and that recovery process we say that cafe Gozo is a Western Apache cafe and Learning Center it's a training center the the simple saying out of sight out of mind or flipping that over and gonna say we're going to keep healthy native foods in sight in mind in our community and it'll be a training center a Job Center for people that are battling addictions people in recovery like myself so this if recovery violence and all those many things those health disparities they are all physical manifestations of historical trauma this is our dignified resurgence it's about intelligent coexistence and Gozo is an Apache word that means happy balance harmony love it means it has many different uses many different applications and ultimately that's why we chose that because there's much more at stake think of your families and the legacy we create because it has the chance and opportunity to stand the test of time so if you're ever out in western Apache area come and visit us on the White Mountain Apache Tribe see our work come with the lens of ethno poetry come and experience our legacy because it is an edible culinary art of dignified resurgence thank you thank you me five Nephi will be at Great Basin college later today from 5:30 to 6:45 and then tomorrow in the Lamoille room from 2:15 to 3:15 that's the room way in the back in the other building he'll be talking more about the state of indigenous food culture and demonstrating how to make a dish called winter three sisters from corn squash and beans well we hope you guys enjoyed this as much as we did and and we hope you're ready for another fantastic week of music and poetry and making connections with old friends and making new friends to an important part of this year's gathering is is the opportunity that we have to learn more about basque culture we saw a great film yesterday called better gelati and i can't recommend that strongly enough you know it turns out that the Basques are just like many of us and worrying about preserving their language and their traditions and what do you know poetry and music is an important part of their struggles too so check that out if you can we're gonna close this show out with father and daughter musicians david rom vet and Kaitlin bellum ROM vet they're from Buffalo Wyoming and they're gonna give us an old basket and angle to wind things up and get you guys in the mood have a great gathering [Applause] we'll play one tune it's called law react it's a love song an old bass club song and Laura AK is the flowers one of the lines I love in the tune is as the flower loves the do so do I love you they thought she was taller [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] I wanna make that [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] thank you all have a wonderful time here we'll see you you

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