hi welcome to write the top I'm Adam in today's video I want to talk to you about phrasal verbs now phrasal verbs are the combination of a verb and a preposition and the combination when you put the two words together gives you a completely different meaning and sometimes different meanings okay there's more than one meaning to each phrase over now the reason I want to discuss this is because in my last video I told you how to build vocabulary you can watch the video there's a link here to watch it and I told you that you should use the uncommon uses of everyday words and I gave the example of pen the word pen PA N and the phrasal verb to pan out to pan out means to happen according to plan or to happen successfully now in the comment section I got a comment that said well you know my teachers always said never to use phrasal verbs or idioms in academic writing so today I want to make sure that I clear this up because I get that comment actually quite often and I want to tell you that you can use phrasal verbs in your academic writing and you should use phrasal verbs in your academic writing now was this person's teacher wrong yes and no there are good phrasal verbs to use in academic writing and there are bad phrasal verbs to use in academic writing so I'm going to walk you through a few of these I'm going to show you why it is okay to use them I'm going to give you an example of a good one and a bad one and then I'm gonna give you ten good phrasal verbs to use in your academic writing okay let's start this is the writing rubric for the TOEFL this shows you how they score it this is the public rubric I will put the link in the description box so you can go see this in full if you like look at number five okay and I say this level largely accomplishes all the following they talk about topic this and that look at the last one displays consistent facility in the use of language demonstrating syntactic variety meaning putting words together putting sentences together appropriate word choice and idiom at idioma tissa t difficult word they would have minor might minor lexical errors video meta City they want to see collocations phrasal verbs idioms even again they want to make sure if they want you to make sure that it's the appropriate phrasal verb not slang not casual not informal formal phrasal verbs and again I'm going to show you examples of what these are okay IELTS if you're looking at the IELTS essay for a band 9 look at the lexical resource this is their vocabulary what they're grading on uses a wide range of vocabulary so not just words collocation z' phrasal verbs with very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features means you can do all kinds of things with your word choices including phrasal verbs minor errors may occur look at the second one for the eighth banned skillful uses uncommon lexical items phrasal verbs are not that common people are afraid to use them but there may be occasional inaccuracies in word choice and collocation now what is a collocation a collocation is the arrangement of words together certain words just naturally go together for example do homework you always do your homework you don't make your homework you don't take your homework you don't do something else with your homework do homework that's a collocation phrasal verbs are technically call locations they are combining two sometimes three words that naturally go together and work together as a one hold unit to express an idea or express a meaning okay now let's look at an example of a good call up good phrasal verb and I'm bad phrasal verb here's an example question discuss the advantages and disadvantages of having a pet as you're growing up the advantages you want to discuss her to learn responsibility and to learn how to cope with death when you have a pet your pet dies you're still a child you learn how to deal with death how do mourn and then when it happens as an adult with family members or friends you're a little bit better prepared for it so let's look at the sentence by having experienced the death of a pet children might be better able to process the emotions involved when someone close to them passes away passed away means died now this is actually better than to better able to process the emotions involved when someone close to them dies now is dies bad is it bad to you that usually the verb die no it's the correct verb it's fine it's simple everybody knows this word everybody uses this word it's an everyday word you heard on the news every day so what's wrong with it nothing it's simple you won't lose any points for using the word die but you also won't gain any points if you use pass away it shows that a you have a range you have more vocabulary to choose from be you know uncommon expressions you know collocations phrasal verbs idioms you know how to have your language is a bit more rich let's put it this way okay but if you said better able to process the emotions involved with someone close to them checks out check out I think you know from hotel when you leave the hotel you check out well when you leave life you also check out but this is slang this phrasal verb you absolutely should not use in your academic writing pass away good check out bad so when a teacher tells you don't use phrasal verbs they're talking about the check out examples I hope if they're talking about pass away well you know take them with a grain of salt they should know better than to tell you not to use it it's okay to use it so having said all that I'm going to give you ten phrasal verbs that you should if you can if it's appropriate for the context you should use in your academic write call forth now call for a very simple call for something right when you call for something you're making a demand or you're saying that there's a requirement something requires a certain situation reforms and investigation patience this situation calls for patience we shouldn't rush through the the decision-making process okay so this situation calls for calm deliberation and a swift but effective result so this situation requires okay or demands these would be okay as a replacement but calls for nothing wrong with using this phrasal verb in your academic writing it's actually better that you do the judge called for order after the crowd in the courtroom erupted an angry reaction to the verdict so you've all seen these movies like there's a courtroom and the jury says guilty not guilty and everybody starts screaming and yelling and the judge with his gavel you know or her gavel he's hitting hitting hitting and he's calling for order order order order so call for demand he's making a demand for order okay next carryout i've actually discussed this one in a different video but carryout is a very common phrasal verb it means do essentially so instead of using the verb do which is very basic very everyday and everyday verb use a different one use conduct or use a phrasal verb carry out an experiment an investigation carry out justice okay make it happen scientists who carry out controversial research are often criticized in the media so scientists who do this research are often criticized when governments prevent reporters from carrying out their journalistic duties society as a whole loses from doing from conducting okay from making it happen so carry out good phrasal verb everyday usage actually is very common okay for academic writing use it account for this one is not used enough this is a very good phrasal verb and has so many different uses to make up means to comprise or be a part of something to explain to consider when you're making considerations when you're thinking about something make sure to account for all the different things you need to make up accounts for half the population so the african-american community in this state accounts for 5% of the electorate okay it makes up 5% the fluctuation variables etc just as a side note this is not this is also a phrasal verb but it's more of a collocation take into account to take into account means to consider okay when you're making decisions don't forget to take into account all these certain ask okay these economic forecasts also try to account for variables such as unforeseen natural disasters that can heavily burden the budget so the forecast where they'll make a prediction or guessing the future economy they're trying to consider in their calculations these events like earthquakes tornados etc how much these will cost the government – to fix the police grew even more suspicious when the suspect could not account for his whereabouts on the night of the crime so the police are asking this guy where were you that night of the murder and he says I don't know so he couldn't account for his whereabouts he couldn't explain where he was on that night okay account for explain if you can use account for correctly it stands out in the graters mind it shows that you have a good grasp and a good range of vocabulary to phase in or phase out to phase in a phase that means to introduce phase in or eliminate phase out something in stages for example changes or policy or a system new system you don't to just suddenly change everything you want to phase it in you want to do a little bit each time so people can get used to it right so changes of this magnitude should not be implemented all at once but rather phased in to allow the staff to adjust accordingly so every week a little change every month a little change that way over six months you've completely changed the system but you've done it in phases in stages so that everybody can adjust to each new part of the system of the new system the bonus system will be phased out over the next five years to reflect the reality of increasing costs so the bonus system at the end of the year employees get a bonus they get a bunch of money as a bonus but the company the company's costs are going up so they need to cut back on spending so they will get rid of the bonus system but they're not going to do it like next year there's no bonus because for a lot of people that's a bit of a shock so next year the bonus will be 20% less the following year it'll be 30% less three years later it'll be 75% less and the fourth year it'll be gone right so it's phased out over five years over a span of time good phrasal verb use it in your academic essay okay let's point out let's go to the next one point out draw attention to something so to point out basically you're pointing out it's actually very a bit more direct but it's still a phrasal verb its verb + preposition out to point something out means to make sure that the listener or the reader has put their attention to it right so you're focusing on it while considering socioeconomic background is a crucial factor in voters decision making it is important to point out that it is not the only major factor so basically if you're writing an academic essay you're saying like this is very important but it's important to point out it's important for me as the author to point out to you as the reader that it's not the only major factor and then I will go on to talk about these other factors as well right so don't think that there's only one here make sure you understand there's there are other factors as well point out good phrasal verb follow up okay to take further action you do something and then you follow it up with another action applicants are advised to follow up their interviews with a quick thank you email so if you go for a job interview you go you have your meeting you discuss everything field seems good you leave you have a good feeling follow it up make sure that you send that interviewer a thank-you letter for their time for their consideration it shows a bit of professionalism but it could be used with any situation follow-up can be used with many situations right so I took a test I pass so I'm going to follow that up that up with my application to university because I did so well I'm ready to take the next step okay put forward means present something like an argument or a proposal or to express something performant proponents of legalizing cannabis of cannabis use sorry uses them down here often put forward the argument that doing this will benefit society by ridding it of gangs in the black market so proponents of legalizing cannabis so people who are for legalizing it often argue that I can say often argue that doing this that's one but again you want to show them a bit of range often put forward the argument they present the argument they make the argument they express the argument ok that's another way resort to this is a very very good phrasal verb and I never see anybody using it it's a very good one to use when you resort to you make use of something as the last option ok when you have no more options you will resort to the one that you didn't want to use ok usually it's something bad like violence or cheating etc after repeated attempts to affect to affect change through peaceful protests it is understandable that certain individuals might resort to violence to be heard so they try to be peaceful they try to demonstrate they try to write letters they try to go to the media nothing worked finally they have no choice they'll have only one last option to use and that is violence and so they're going to use that they're going to resort to violence to be hurt very good phrasal verb very good in academic writing try to use it if you can rule out to rule out means to exclude from consideration don't even think about it ok an action idea etc many Western medical professionals rule out the benefits of Eastern traditional treatments without even giving them the benefit of the doubt or conducting some research sorry I'm missing a word there them so they rule it out sometimes you could there's an also an idiom rule out of hand basically don't even think about don't even consider just know it doesn't work well do some research find out talk to some people see if it works then decide if it works or not but if you rule it out of hand or rule it out completely not very good for you as a doctor military planners will usually rule out offensive actions if they consider the human toll to be too high again you should be to OHS their rule out so you have soldiers they're gonna attack a village but they understand if they attack thousands of people will die so what they might do they will rule it out they say no we're not gonna attack we're gonna wait until the enemy comes out and then deal with them out here so they rule out offensive they don't even think about it too many people will die human toll means the number of people who will die or get hurt take on okay when you take something on when you take on a task a task etc a challenge a project you accept it means you challenge yourself you're going to do it not everyone is suited to helping others so those who take on Phyllis wrap philanthropic projects should think carefully before committing to such work so before you accept or before you promise to engage in something make sure you're ready to commit okay if you're not don't fill in philanthropy or philanthropic projects helping other human beings okay being generous to other human beings now here are a few informal ones these phrasal verbs don't use in your academic essays get by get by means just do the minimum to succeed or to survive or whatever figure out don't say figure out just say understand ask out like for example asked out on a date not gonna ask somebody out on a date in an academic essay but ask out you can say if you are talking about like growing up for example young people might be timid about asking each other out on dates so might be timid about proposing a date etc do-over means repeat so you repeat don't say do-over freak out when you walk into my parents room I said mom dad don't freak out but I crashed the car okay means don't get angry don't use freak out in your academic essays they're too casual too informal okay stick to the formal ones and you'll get the points okay and that's it I hope these are helpful phrasal verbs there are more do a Google search or Bing search or whatever search look for phrasal verbs for academic writing and you'll see a bunch more and I'll make another video or a few more videos about idioms and phrasal verbs and car locations and all that other good stuff okay I hope you enjoyed this video if you have any questions please ask me below in youtube press press press the like button if you liked the video please subscribe to my channel and come back more videos to help you write better academic English see you again


  1. Unless you want to get married, please don't wear white shirt anymore. White on white annoys the vision..but U R brilliant!

  2. Hii adom🙏..
    I think.. Your example of take on little bit incorrect. Because may be u should use 'take on' in place committing

  3. Hi! Adam, this video is so catchy to me. I watched it triple times. Your other videos, especially the IELTS and TOEFL writing Essay, help me a lot in my Humanitarian work. Thank you so much. Writing from South Sudan.

  4. Very interesting video, but it were better if this lesson was more interactive with a pen and board. I like this manner of teaching. Thank you very much again.

  5. This aggravates me if should I really use phrasal verbs for academic writing as my local ielts teacher instructs me not to but adam says otherwise

  6. Thank you Adams for the help you are doing for people all over the world…I ll donate what I can after going to UK to support you on monetary basis…

  7. Hi Adam. Can I ask if it's ok to use these phrasal verbs in IELTS task 1?
    So far I noticed I often use "accounted for" in replacement of "took up"

  8. You are just fabulous! No need to google or bing if you are here! You explain every thing properly that is understandable to us,specially to me! I don’t find other things(google,bing etc.) that much helpful as your lecture. My hat’s off to you Adam Sir!

  9. Professor Adam, you are a gifted professional. Usually, I am watching you here on your channel or on engvid. com site.
    The subject of phrasial verbs is difficult to remember them and use them properly. You often give advice to check the specific phrasial in dictionary. This verification is not easy since the entries in dictionaries are quite often not clear and example sentences are not precise.
    You are also not providing basic information concerning the said comprehensive verb, are they separable or not which is an important question. Sometimes, it is important to know whether the verb changes meaning when the verb is transitional or not. You maintain all those details as either unimportant or obvious. It is not helpful for me to learn these phrasial verbs.
    This particular lesson about 10 academic phrasial is very good. Example sentence are well chosen and your comments are appropriate. Thanks.

  10. Hi Adam,

    I just want to say THANK YOU SO MUCH!!
    Your videos and lessons have really helped me to achieve my TOP ielts score just in my first attempt.
    I have scored an overall score of 8! I so did not expect it!
    I watched most of your videos and visited the websites you have suggested and they truly are informative and essential for all those who wish to achieve a high score. I would totally recommend your channel.
    Thank you once again and God bless! 🙂

  11. Thank You very much for the video. It is totally advantageous for everyone improving their English level, but I think when you talk about the examples of the phrasal verbs, may you focus audiences' attention on them. It means after defining the meaning, would you say like For example or Let's… in order that we can study them more comfortably.

  12. That's just the kind of videos I was looking for! I'm going to watch them all.Thank you Adam. 🙂

  13. Thank you so much for your work, my English is quite okay but I stick to basic expressions to stay in my comfort zone. Learning phrasal verbs, especially formal and more elaborate ones, makes my English a lot more consistent. Your explanations are so great it makes it easy to understand and I feel more confident actually using those words because I know in which context I should say or not say them.

  14. sir i've been watching your videos and got lots of information…but little worried at the same time 'cause i realized i have lots of thing that i dont know. … . goshh . . more power. .

  15. Hi Adam,
    Could you please give me an advice. Is it appropriate to use the phrase/idiom "spoiled for choice" in my essay?
    For instance to start the general statement in the introduction of an essay , like "Nowadays, people are spoiled for choice when it comes to ……buying a cell phone/ using a service etc."
    I think it sounds great, but I'm kind of aware that it's to informal to use in an essay.
    What is your judgement?

  16. Hi Adam! I saw many of your videos and they are awesome. I have one question: If I want to use inversion as a tool, for example: "Not only did I go to…" and instead I to use the phrasal verb "Carry out" as a synonym of Do, then finally the example would be "Not only carry out I to…", Is it possible this use of that phrasal verb?

  17. You’re the best teacher I have ever seen and your videos are the most useful ones on the Youtube to learn English

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