วัดเทพธิดาราม Thai literature


Sawasdee ka. Today we’re here at Wat Theptidaram Woraviharn. We’ll be giving you information and a tour around the temple. and we will also be informing you in-depth of how it relates to history of Ramakien and Traiphum Phra ruang Watt Thep Thida ram Voraviharn is located near Watt Radchanudda and on the side of Maha Thai road It is built in 2379 during the reign of King Rama the third Although this place is full of Thai style architecture The uniqueness of this temple is the Chinese architectural style The reason to this is because during the reign of King Rama the third Chinese are doing tradings with Thai As you can see the gables on top of the temple the gables are decorated with Chinese porcelain pieces It differs from other Ubosot because there are no ChoFah, BaiRaka, and Harng Hong and this is a style that corresponds to King Rama the 3rd’s favor We are not here at the Ubosot, and if you observe carefully The ubosot of wat theptidaram woraviharn differs from other ubosot because it reflects modernity Okay, so now we’re going to go look at Chinese statues since I have mentioned earlier in the introduction that there are many Chinese statues in this temple since although it is a Thai style temple, there are many Chinese style statues Here is another example of a Chinese architectural style since as you can see this pole has a very delicate details on it especially you can see the dragon wrapping around the pole this is as you can see very Chinese style The Hor Trai of this temple is very beautiful. Unfortunately, it is prohibited for the public to enter. The Hor Trai or the Tripitaka hall is where the Tripitaka or sacred texts are stored. Whoever have the opportunity to visit this temple, must not miss this location This is Phra Ubosod or the Chapel of Watt Thep Tidaram. This chapel was used for religion ceremonies like reciting the basic rituals of buddhist monk. and also other ordinations ceremonies. These windows are in shape of Kanok Line Bai Tes, which is Thai style decorative design with cotton rose mallow that is covered golden leaves. Poom Khao Bin is a Thai decorative design with cotton rosemallow and vine These wall paintings that decorate the entire building is with a tempera colour, which is method of painting with a mixture of egg yolk and water usually painting on wood panels. Gate are decorated with Lai Rod Nam, which is Thai Lacquer(alcoholic paint) and Chinese lantern and flower pot. The ceiling is decorated with Dao Pedan which is Thai ceiling decorative style It is decorated with the entire ceiling of the building. The height of Ubosod is 16 meters. The ceiling was decorated in Thai style with Phoenix elements and some Chinese pattern. Also in the surrounding area of this Ubosod, are Bai sae ma or the marker stones in thai temples, which was used to set the area of the Watt. Now, I’m going to talk about Jartaka and its relationship with the temple. To start off with one wishes to become a Buddha, one has to cumulate various virtues so he can be born as a buddha. Bodhisattva is the term refers to the one who is going to be reborn as the buddha While accumulating this virtues, Bodhisattva learns and gains various features such as patience, forgiveness, compassion sacrifice and mourn and these various virtues enables one to become a Buddha are also known as perfection To gain these virtues, Bodhisattva has to be born in a cycle of birth and rebirth Which is called samsara and lives of before Buddha in samsara are called the chakra There are five hundred and forty-seven Shotokan all which means that beliefs Ottawa has been born and reborn in numerous of times In order to accumulate this virtuous to become the Buddha And also Buddha was the one who told Shattuck adios to his students and the people Which enables people to learn about the histories and the things in the past and also the Buddhist virtues as well. Within these 547 births, the last ten birth before becoming the Buddha are considered to be the most important Jatakas This is because the bodhisattva was able to practice and accumulate this ten significant purchase Perfectly and these ten births are called Totsachat. Which literally means the tenth birth in thai These ten virtues or the ten perfections in totsachat are the reuniciation compassion determination with the morality tolerance equanimity truthfulness and generous and the last ten birth of the last birth with donna para me or the generosity as a virtue which is called the Vessantara, Jartaka or the Vessandorn Chadok is considered to be the most important Jataka in thai culture. And the short summary of the story is that bodhisattva was reborn as Phra Vessantara. He was the prince who was so generous that he was willing to give everything Including his children and his elephant to all the people that he knew Unfortunately in this temple There is no significant drawings or murals about chakra And about this, Niti will explain it further. Thanks, Mister Jason. As he stated before, the important of Jataka and Chadok. In Buddhism is quite important, both as a tool for teaching, and also in a order to tell Buddha history before he became the Buddha as well. As a result the Jataka is quite important, to not only Buddhism, but also Thai culture (which is highly influenced by Buddhism) As well. However, for the Tepthidarama Temple, arts style and mural are quite lack of the Jataka And arts depicting the Buddhism History, that is not because of the builder of this temple’s lack of devotion for Buddhism but because of his doctrine and his attention and depiction of the Buddhism in Thai culture, during the reign of King Rama III the one thing that he was famous for ,wasn’t the building of a Thai Style Temple, it was his trading and negotiation skill with Chinese and other foreigners as a result, the building of the temple is quite influenced by the creation of Chinese engineering and Chinese culture therefore because of such influences they are quite a lot of elements in this temple those are quite mainly Chinese and as a result many of the Thai influence and Thai (style) art are quite less appeared/shown in this temple However that doesn’t mean that the focus of this temple is mainly (because of) a Chinese culture and Chinese Arts Mainly, it was because of his attempt to save up his money for the younger generation, younger kings and as a result of an attempt, many other elements of this temple are quite lack of extravagant elements. However, many of the arts in this temple are quite different from other temples, that is because of its style and its (creation) doctrine that focus mostly on the depiction and Showing of Thai traditions and Thai cultures, therefore, the arts styles and many of the elements in this Temple are quite less extravagant compared to other temples, the Prominent arts styles and prominent elements in this temple are the Chinese influenced (arts styles) and the depiction of Thai culture of an ancient Time Not only because of his (King Rama III) attempt in saving up the money But is also Because of his attempt to pass down the knowledge, tradition, and culture of this time (period) to the younger generation as well Before getting into the next topic, I’ll first explain about Traiphum Pra Ruang so that you guy get the idea better So Traiphum Praluang is about the three worlds as we know as hell, heaven, and the human realm It is written by Pra Ruang or commonly known as Pra Ya Lithai As it is the first Buddhist cosmological text It has had a big influence on all the temples architecture and its decoration Praprang is one of the most recognizable representation of Triphum Pra Ruang influence on Thai temples architecture It is a Khmer-inspired architect style representing Mt. Sumeru in Hindu belief or the center of the universe Wat Theptidaram Woravihan is among the Thai temples which has received a lot of influences from Triphum Pra Ruang. Its permanent feature is the statues of the Four Diamond Kings of the Heaven, which are: Tao Tatarod, Tao Wirupak, Tao Wirunhok, and Tao Gewen These Devatas are the protectors of the four directions of the heaven Their duty to ensure the peace and order of the heaven, and protecting it from the danger For instance, as we’re seeing here is Tao Guwen or widely known in Thai as Tao Wessuwan He is the king of giants and is in charge of protecting the northern part of Sumeru in the humanly realm He has the appearance of a giant and has either a green or golden complexion Tao Guwen is often seen holding a mace What we have here is Tao Wirupak or the guardian of the West He’s living in the west part of Mt.Sumeru He is the leader of the Nagas and the Putana demons He has a form of a white complexion Devata holding a longbow as a weapon So this is an overview of Wat Theptodaram the temple itself is very rich in history This can be seen from the decorations and the architecture styles inside the temple It has been highly influenced by the Chinese and the Khmer because of this Wat Theptidaram has an important significance to the Thai culture and traditions Not only did we learn more about the history of the temple We also met some local peoples who are more than welcome to explain more about the history of the temple And it was very interesting to hear about that as well. Other than knowing the history and meeting local people. We also made some friends along the way. Again another cat who is just chilling and relaxing her in the temple

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